Oral health appropriate technology practices (Office of the Ministry of health the following excerpt)

PrefaceOral health appropriate technology refers to the technology and methods of prevention and treatment of common diseases of dental cari

Content

Preface

Oral health appropriate technology refers to the technology and methods of prevention and treatment of common diseases of dental caries and periodontal disease of the oral cavity is safe and effective, economic and convenient features, suitable for primary dental professionals in the equipment and instruments relatively simple conditions.

With the gradual promotion of appropriate technology of oral cavity prevention in our country, it is urgent to strengthen the standardization of the technical operation of oral health care institutions.

The appropriate technical specifications for the prevention of oral cavity mainly include topical fluoride, pit and fissure sealant, atraumatic filling (ART), preventive resin filling, gingival scaling. Oral professionals should strictly abide by the norms, provide high quality oral health services, protect the people's oral health.

Topical fluoride

1 Definitions

Topical application of fluoride fluoride is directly used for tooth surface by local dental caries prevention technology. Topical fluoride can be divided into two types according to the mode of operation: personal use and the use of oral professionals. The concentration of fluoride used by oral professionals is relatively high, so it is necessary to use them strictly according to the operating rules. This specification only describes the topical use of fluoride in the manipulation of dental professionals. The commonly used methods include three kinds of fluorine - containing coating, fluorine - containing gel and fluoride foam.

2 indications

Mainly applicable to the following groups:

1) preschool children, primary and middle school students;

2) there have been a number of dental caries;

3) with fixed orthodontic appliance;

4) crowded or poorly aligned teeth;

5) or enamel demineralization with defect;

6) gingival atrophy, root surface exposure in the elderly;

7) lead to long-term drug treatment of dry mouth syndrome;

8) high frequency and poor oral hygiene;

9) head and neck radiation therapy;

10) disabled persons who cannot undergo oral cleansing.

1 clinical practice methods

Fluoro coatings

1) equipment and materials

Instruments: mouthmirrors, probe, tweezers, Mianjuan, cotton, small brush, saliva suction device.

Material: 2.26% fluorine coating.

2) clinical practice

Clean the tooth surface before use to clean the tooth surface, in order to enhance the fluoride and tooth surface contact, prolong the fluoride in the tooth surface of the time.

Wet and dry during operation to maintain the tooth surface dry, if there is no available saliva suction device, saliva suction device, can also be used instead of wet cotton.

Coated with a small brush to Fluorocoating coating directly on all tooth surface, especially the gap between the two adjacent teeth.

The time of natural drying or with compressed air blowing tooth surface, until the fluorine paint drying, the coating containing fluorine to form a layer of thin film on the surface of teeth.

Doctor 2~4 hours do not eat, do not brush your teeth that night.

Fluoride gel

1) equipment and materials

Instruments: mouthmirrors, probe, tweezers, Mianjuan, tray.

Material: 1.23% phosphoric acid gel.

2) clinical practice

Clean the tooth surface before use to clean the tooth surface, in order to enhance the contact between the gel and the tooth surface, prolong the retention time of the fluoride gel on the tooth surface.

The applying fluoride gel tray into the mouth, pressed into the upper and lower dentition, gently, the fluoride gel with all teeth and squeeze into the tooth gap. The tray should be suitable for the size of the teeth, not only can cover all the teeth, but also have enough depth to cover the neck of the tooth, at the same time to avoid the excessive excessive stimulation of the tray. Fluoride gel in the tray to be appropriate, so that both can cover all the teeth and avoid excessive fluoride gel to make patients feel unwell or swallowed.

Keep the patient's body leaning forward in the process of operation, the available saliva suction device or outflow with the cup, catch the saliva, avoid swallowing.

Time for the tray in the mouth after indwelling for 4 minutes, remove the tray and wipe the residual fluoride gel, can also help patients to spit in the mouth gel.

Within 30 minutes, do not gargle, do not eat, do not drink water.

Fluoride foam

1) equipment and materials

Instruments: mouthmirrors, probe, tweezers, Mianjuan, tray.

Material: 1.23% fluoride foam.

2) clinical practice

Clinical application of fluoride gel.

2 note

Before using the fluoride of different products, read the instructions carefully and strictly control the amount of each time. In the course of clinical operation, children should be avoided to swallow and swallow.

 

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