We all know that there are "ADHD" of the disease in childhood, but if you look carefully, you will find most of the diagnostic criteria for
We all know that there are "ADHD" of the disease in childhood, but if you look carefully, you will find most of the diagnostic criteria for ADHD only applies to school-age children, that is over 6 years old school-age children can only be diagnosed with adhd". We often see a lot of children under the age of 6, and even infants and young children will be moving all day long, the attention is not focused, do not have ADHD?
Indeed, according to the current diagnostic criteria, it is difficult to make the diagnosis of ADHD, in our usual clinic will rarely give an infant diagnosed as adhd". But the fact that ADHD is not only present in school-age children, but also in infancy. At present, the etiology and pathogenesis of ADHD is not completely understood, but is generally considered to have ADHD is produced by multiple factors, genetic biological, environmental and social psychology, rather than a single acquired factors, and "innate" factors are very important, which also determines the ADHD can be seen in any age children, including infants and young children.
A lot of ADHD children from childhood hyperactivity performance, and even some mothers in the memory of the fetus during pregnancy is particularly strong, after birth, "move" is even more obvious. Particularly active in the neonatal period of children is even infants do not touch hands, rest, sleep less, will immediately wake up crying, to hold an adult. The infant is mainly manifested in the law of life poor, hyperactivity, restlessness, behavior change rules, excessive crying, irritable, not harmonious relationship between mother and child, mother often resenting their children than other children to raise. The childhood parents will find their own children with other children are not the same, too much activity, not obedient, unruly; some showed disturbed sleep, feeding difficulties, East West after some time; throw toys, play a little bored, personality quirks, vulnerable, often enuresis etc..
Love is the child's nature, the younger, the "dynamic" may be more obvious, the infant hyperactivity also easily accepted by people, and the life and learning effect of infantile ADHD in children is relatively small, so the degree of concern is not so high as to school-age children, the percentage of parents bring the child to hospital also small. In addition, if the child put on a "ADHD" hat, children and parents will have a lot of psychological pressure on the future development of children's psychological behavior will have a negative impact. Therefore, there is no need for the diagnosis of adhd. But if teachers and parents found the child was especially obvious hyperactivity, inattention in infancy, should be early diagnosis and early intervention to prevent the disease, further aggravating, in order to promote the healthy development of children's psychological behavior.
Shanghai Changzheng Hospital Xu Tong