Medicine and humanism in the RenaissanceThe study of medical history seventeenThe Renaissance brought about the enduring influence of Medici
Medicine and humanism in the Renaissance
The study of medical history seventeen
The Renaissance brought about the enduring influence of Medicine on humanism and anatomy. The doctor improved therapy, innovative medical devices, the patient in front of many diseases do not have to endure the pain caused by the new treatment; the latter is separated from the surgery, Da Vinci, Visalli and others make it one of the most important as a branch of medicine. Critical in the Renaissance, led to the end of galenism. In Texas, Paley and other famous doctor fiction under the advocacy of medical practice to attention.
The beginning of the Renaissance
In the late Middle Ages, a widely spread ideological framework (Renaissance) began to rise, and this was the beginning of humanism. This movement originated in Italy, bred and expanded the exploration of the ancient classical period of interest, religion imposed on the shackles of thought was lifted. Politics, art, science, and so on are becoming more and more prosperous. And at that time, many events have confirmed the recovery of this idea. Columbo, Gama and Magellan's voyages limited world view causes the Middle Ages to disappear; the sun center of the universe of Copernicus's theory of breaking the old ideas; the ancient Greek culture and Platon, Hippocrates reasonable open thinking was spread to Italy, there is a close relationship between the rapid spread of one of the key factors and the invention of printing in europe.
The distinguished physician of this period was a humanist and a writer. Although astrology is still in use, still on the diagnosis and treatment of urine and blood letting therapy, although the quack wandering in deception, but the best doctor is still highly. The doctors came from a wealthy class and received a college education, in which Italy was the only university in europe.
With the practice of human anatomy and anatomical independence increasing, although the old customs still insist on reading the writings of Galen in the anatomy show organs, appear in the practice of books and ignore the gap, but the students gradually increase of useful knowledge of anatomy. But before sixteenth Century, anatomy and surgery were taught together, and in the 1570, the two sciences were first separated into independent, two subjects.
In sixteenth Century by Leonardo Da Finch Vesala J and the anatomy of the work to be recovered, but since the age of Nobel Mondi has a lot of rough, human organs painting appears in print, mostly in 1539 after the book, although most of them are copies of the manuscript by the painting, but in the Middle Ages, usually with anatomy five schematic map: bone, muscle, nerve, artery and vein system, he can help memory. Compared with the crude and imprecise paintings provided by doctors, the great human anatomy of the Florence painters depicted in fifteenth Century has reached a perfect level. Since artists became members of the Florence doctors and Pharmacists Association, they diligently learning perspective, geometry and body proportion, a growing interest in anatomy, the painter, pharmacists and doctors become more closely linked.
The historical data of small
What is the Renaissance?
Renaissance refers to the rise in Italy city by the end of thirteenth Century, after the extension to the Western European countries, an ideological and cultural movement in Europe in sixteenth Century, a period of revolution of science and art, opened a prelude to the history of modern Europe, is considered to be the middle ages and modern boundaries. Marx historians considered boundaries of feudal era and capitalist era. At the end of the thirteenth Century, some advanced intellectuals in the emerging bourgeoisie in Italy, with the help of the study of ancient Greece and ancient Rome's art and culture, promote the spirit of humanism through literary and artistic creation.