Protein calorie malnutrition is due to the lack of energy and (or) proteins caused by nutrient deficiency, mainly in infants less than 3 yea
Protein calorie malnutrition is due to the lack of energy and (or) proteins caused by nutrient deficiency, mainly in infants less than 3 years old; in addition to decreased body weight, reduced subcutaneous fat and subcutaneous edema, often accompanied by a variety of organ dysfunction. Clinically divided into energy supply based on the type of lean; protein supply is mainly based on the type of edema; between the two types of weight - edema.
Causes of inadequate protein and calorie intake
1, long-term intake intake is less common in the lack of breast-feeding is not timely to add other dairy products; milk powder preparation is too thin, sudden weaning without timely complementary feeding; long-term in starchy foods (porridge, Naigao); unhealthy dietary habits such as the partial eclipse, picky eaters, eat too much or too simple breakfast snacks.
2, disorder of digestion and absorption function of the digestive system or anatomical abnormalities such as cleft lip, cleft palate, pyloric obstruction, persistent diarrhea, allergic enteritis can affect food digestion. Digestion is not perfect if intestinal malabsorption syndrome could lead to dysfunction of digestion and absorption. Digestive system infectious diseases such as diarrhea, diarrhea, intestinal parasites, etc. can also lead to digestion and absorption dysfunction.
3, improper feeding method is reasonable feeding according to the physiological needs of infants and young children to provide the right food to meet the physiological needs. If the fed too much high protein, high fat or high carbohydrate food can make the infant digestive malabsorption, so repeatedly will lead to gastrointestinal digestion and absorption function of infants.
4, demand or consumption increased in acute and chronic infectious diseases (such as measles, typhoid, hepatitis, tuberculosis), recurrent pneumonia after the recovery period, the development stage of rapid growth can be due to the increase caused by the relative lack of.
The above factors alone or in combination can cause protein calorie malnutrition.
From the "family nutrition maintenance" disease of children, people's Medical Publishing House, 2009, edited by Wang Xinliang