What is coronary heart diseaseCoronary artery disease is the name of coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease is just its abbreviation
What is coronary heart disease
Coronary artery disease is the name of coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease is just its abbreviation. Coronary heart disease is the transportation of nutrients and oxygen to the heart of severe coronary artery atherosclerotic stenosis or obstruction, or on the basis of combinedspasm, and thrombosis caused by obstruction, caused by coronary insufficiency, so as to make the heart blood supply to reduce, the heart can not fully meet the consumption need and lead to a heart disease, myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction. Coronary heart disease, also known as ischemic heart disease.
Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease, the course of the disease generally in the middle of the child has begun to show the clinical symptoms in the late. If a vessel occlusion, and no other blood vessels provide it through the collateral circulation, the blood that part of the heart muscle is almost no blood supply, serious consequences that myocardial infarction.
The incidence of coronary heart disease in Europe and the United States and other economically developed countries is relatively high. About 7 million Americans suffer from coronary heart disease each year, and about 500 thousand die from acute myocardial infarction. Coronary heart disease is the first cause of death. Although the incidence of coronary heart disease in our country is relatively low, but in recent years there is a gradual upward trend. Generally speaking, the north is higher than the south, and the city is higher than the countryside.
One thing that needs to be emphasized is that atherosclerotic lesions are systemic. Occurrence causes of coronary heart disease in coronary artery; if the blood vessels in the brain, can cause cerebral vascular stenosis in cerebral infarction, intracranial hemorrhage, stroke lesions occurred in the kidney; if it will cause hypertension, renal failure and other symptoms. Coronary heart disease in patients with cerebrovascular accident and died of stroke. Especially in Asia, the incidence of cerebrovascular accident is much higher than that of coronary heart disease. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease.
The main treatment of coronary heart disease
At present, the main treatment of coronary heart disease has the following:
Drug treatment is also called internal medicine conservative treatment
The interventional treatment included percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and coronary artery stent implantation, coronary atherectomy and rotational atherectomy, laser percutaneous coronary angioplasty.
Surgical treatment of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), referred to as CABG.
Off pump coronary artery bypass grafting