Cervical lesions are one of the most common diseases in women, the most serious is the development of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is on
Cervical lesions are one of the most common diseases in women, the most serious is the development of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in gynecology, which is the second most common malignant tumor in women. The WHO report, there are about 50 new cases every year all over the world, the incidence of cervical cancer is the highest state of Chile (15.4/10 million), followed by Chinese (14.6/10 million), Japan (2.4/10 million), the lowest for female reproductive system malignant tumor incidence 73%93%. In developed countries, the incidence of the disease has been significantly reduced, due to the effective prevention and early diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer. Although the cervical erosion is a physiological change, without treatment, but for the screening of diseases of the female reproductive system, screening of cervical disease and it is an advantage, it can see the surface by gynecological examination, also on the pathology of exfoliated cells, colposcopy can observe the use of amplification. Women of childbearing age are advised to have a physical examination and check the cervix. There is evidence that more than 90% of cervical cancer can be effectively prevented by screening for two years, but it is now estimated that only about 5% of cervical cancer is preventable.
What women need cervical cytology and how long it should be done, most experts recommend:
1, for those who do not have cervical pathological symptoms and history of women, should be at least every two years to do a cytological examination.
2, all the women's sexual life should be checked regularly from the beginning of cytology at the age of 18-20, or in a one-time life after one to two years to start.
3, for more than 70 year old women, if they are in the last five years in the two regular inspection results in normal cytology, you can stop the regular inspection, but if they have never done cytology or voluntary inspection, should do cytology.
Other matters needing attention:
1, the above applies only to no suspicious symptoms or previous history, and previous abnormal cytology results but there were no clinical follow-up of women. For women with suspicious symptoms or past medical history, management should be conducted according to the procedures of diagnosis and treatment.
2. Women who have never had sex do not need to be examined.
3, for the beginning of sexual life of women under the age of 16, according to the situation of clinicians at the age of 18 began to regularly check the cytology.
4, young women (especially women under the age of 30) there is no need to frequently check (for example, half a year inspection), or do some additional DNA test, because it does not mean little and low cost.
5, long-term adherence to do a regular examination of cytology of women at the age of 70 can stop the examination.
6, for the hysterectomy women, if the cervical part was not completely resection should be done regularly check if cervical cytology; atypical hyperplasia or malignant disease history, also need to do vaginal vault smears.
Advanced cancer is incurable. Early detection of cancer, early treatment, can be cured. The world's slogan for cervical cancer is as early as possible in the perfect cervical cancer screening system to ensure the early detection of cervical cancer, cervical cancer. A few minutes of gynecological examination every year to keep you away from cervical cancer.