Urolithiasis is one of the three major diseases in the Department of Urology.20 century, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy lithotripsy i
Urolithiasis is one of the three major diseases in the Department of Urology.20 century, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy lithotripsy in vivo and the advent of the treatment of urolithiasis has made a major breakthrough. These techniques have been widely applied and developed in China, has made remarkable achievements. However, this did not reduce the incidence and recurrence rate of urolithiasis in a recent study. The United States show that, for 20 years, with the global climate warming, human urinary calculi incidence gradually increased. At the same time, also coincides with China's economic take-off, people's living standard has been greatly improved, leading to the diet structure change, labor intensity is also reduced. In multiple external factors, China's incidence of urolithiasis the rate of rise may have more than the developed countries. As a lifelong disease, urinary disease recurrence rate is very high, 10 years is about 50%, 2 times the median interval of 9 years. Therefore, prevention from etiology angle Calculus of disease is imperative. Its causes are divided into two kinds: one is the environmental conditions, two individual factors. The purpose of stone treatment is to remove stones and protect renal function. The analysis of stone composition is an indispensable part in the treatment of calculus.
Because the formation mechanism is not clear, but the reasons for the formation of stone is clear. Therefore, the stone is not a stone, but a disease, not only focus on surgical treatment and ignore the non-surgical treatment of stones (hydration therapy). Food therapy and drug therapy, is a comprehensive treatment process.