Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL): through the skin to the kidney of the channel, in the mirror or ureteroscopy under direct vision, with
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL): through the skin to the kidney of the channel, in the mirror or ureteroscopy under direct vision, with the help of stone or gravel equipment to remove stones, remove obstruction of a technology and treatment. That is what we call "the hole to take the stone" - that is, to play a small hole in the waist of the chopsticks, the removal of stones minimally invasive treatment. Holmium laser and pneumatic ballistic ultrasound are the most commonly used equipment.
1 complex renal calculi: - more than 2.0cm of kidney stones
The renal staghorn calculi
- multiple renal calculi
The renal calyceal diverticular calculi
- with ureteropelvic junction stricture of kidney stones
The open surgery residual or recurrent renal calculi
Stone - ESWL cannot shatter or treatment failure
2 upper ureteral obstruction of more than fourth or more heavy stones
3 upper ureteral polyps with stones
The percutaneous nephrolithotomy has the advantages of high efficiency, little injury, quick recovery. At present, percutaneous nephrolithotomy pneumatic lithotripsy combined with ultrasonic lithotripsy is the best treatment for complex renal calculi.