Three step diagnosis of pectus excavatum

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Abstract: funnel chest not only affects the appearance, but also affects the heart and lung function. In addition, some patients with pectus

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Abstract: funnel chest not only affects the appearance, but also affects the heart and lung function. In addition, some patients with pectus excavatum associated with cardiac malformations, hidden congenital heart disease, so parents have to find early treatment.

The "funnel chest" as the name suggests, is in the shape of a funnel chest, chest middle right or left, concave, similar to the bowl ". Depending on the degree of development of the disease, the size of the bowl of the chest is also different, severe pectus excavatum patients can even put his fist into the depression.

Many parents are busy with the cause of the lack of attention to the child, and the child was ashamed to open mouth, often lead to funnel chest was not found in time. If allowed to funnel chest development, not only affect the appearance, resulting in inferiority, but also affect the heart and lung function. In addition, some patients with pectus excavatum associated with cardiac malformations, hidden congenital heart disease, so parents have to find early treatment. So, what are the traces of funnel chest?

Look at the shape

Found funnel chest mainly depends on. The younger patients do not understand this is abnormal, but older patients often shy and inferiority, so largely dependent on parents "piercing eye", pay more attention to their children. For young children, parents are easy to help him find a problem in the bath, the key is to understand the funnel chest is a sick, need treatment, can be treated as early as possible to bring the child to the Department of thoracic surgery.

Have been sensible for small patients, male patients are more likely to be found than female patients, especially in the summer boys wear thin, parents are easy to find problems, sometimes through the clothes can be found in the chest concave into a piece. In addition, the boy shirtless more chance. Female patients relative secret much more, especially adolescent girls, breast development is more difficult to see abnormal. Parents only pay more attention to children, care for children. The funnel chest often affects the child's mental health, create inferiority complex, if you do not love their children with people, not swimming, do not dare to buy clothes, don't wear thin clothes, summer wear tightly, I must care for her, how to communicate and understand the crux of the problem, whether to funnel chest distress.

Two to observe the exercise ability

In addition to the appearance of defects in children with funnel chest on the outside, there is a physical discomfort, according to Wang Qiang director, pectus excavatum patients' feeling uncomfortable situation rarely, therefore, mainly depends on the physical appearance and found the problem. In other words, this deformity usually does not affect the general daily life, but when the intensity of labor, activity increased, some patients can feel chest tightness, palpitations, or lack of labor. Funnel chest may indicate the poor ability to exercise, exercise and other issues, in addition, it is easy to have respiratory infections and more serious than ordinary people. For example, the same respiratory tract infection, others cold he had pneumonia.

This is because the funnel chest will affect the heart and lung function. The clinical symptoms of severe patients showed significantly decreased lung capacity, a twenty percent lower than the normal person, walk a few steps and breath, do lots of sports. In addition, the ability of the heart valve to shut down is also affected by the fact that the ventricles are squeezed into the sunken bones, which can also cause respiratory abnormalities. Therefore, funnel chest patients do check the heart and lung function must be checked.

Three to see family history

As a result of pectus excavatum is a congenital malformation, may be related to genes, some people born on the onset of some people to a few years of age, the incidence of all ages have no law at all. But the clinical findings, funnel chest has a certain genetic predisposition, if the parents have a funnel chest, it is necessary to pay special attention to whether their children have this problem. In the case of visits to the hospital, there is a father and son at the same time funnel chest.

 

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