Prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc

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Lumbar disc herniation is a common clinical disease, at present, China's manual workers in the 15%-20% people suffering from the disease. Lu


Lumbar disc herniation is a common clinical disease, at present, China's manual workers in the 15%-20% people suffering from the disease. Lumbar disc herniation is the most common cause of low back pain patients.

The human body is composed of a plurality of spinal vertebrae, two vertebrae with an elastic cushion plate, fixed by the surrounding fibrous ring and ligament, this disc pad is what we call the intervertebral disc. It can act as a buffer. Humans are upright animals, the greater the pressure on the intervertebral disc during standing, especially in the lumbar intervertebral disc is more obvious, so the chance of injury is more. The body with age or acute injury and chronic injury causes accumulation of fibrous ring rupture, causing nerve root compression of spinal disc herniation on both sides of the face of sciatica caused by a series of low back pain symptoms, is a common disease in Department of orthopedics, lumbar disc herniation. This disease is no stranger to us. Patients feel very painful, difficult to treat, easy to relapse.

The patients with lumbar disc herniation is mainly low back pain and sciatica, often before the onset of lumbar sprain history waist fatigue history or waist cold history. This lumbocrural pain for walking and standing long wait for activities after aggravating, bed rest can alleviate temporarily, unilateral or bilateral lower limb pain along the sciatic nerve pain distribution, the hip or thigh behind to outside and the posterior to the dorsal or plantar, individual patient pain can be started in the leg or lateral malleolus, half of the patients with lower extremity pain can be aggravated with a cough, sneezing or abdominal pressure. For high lumbar disc herniation patients, the symptoms in the lower abdomen groin or thigh anterior medial pain, central lumbar disc herniation can occur huge abnormal urine or incontinence, saddle area numbness, there may be severe foot drop, a part of lumbar disc herniation in patients with lumbar sympathetic nerve stimulated and show lower limb cold, some still can appear unilateral or bilateral lower extremity edema.

The treatment of lumbar disc herniation including non-surgical treatment and surgical treatment, non-surgical treatment: hard bed rest physiotherapy and massage can alleviate or cure. Traction therapy can reduce the intradiscal pressure, prompting the returning. Percutaneous lumbar disc low temperature plasma knife ablation is a minimally invasive surgery, can be effective in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Surgical treatment: the best surgical treatment for symptoms take nonoperative treatment is invalid or recurrent, severe symptoms affecting work and life, and even continue to deteriorate, nerve injury was suspected to have complete rupture of annulus fibrosus of intervertebral disc nucleus pulposus fragments to highlight the spinal canal, central type lumbar disc herniation with defecation dysfunction, with obvious the lumbar canal stenosis were.

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