Application of bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of lung cancer

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Lung cancer is the most common primary malignant tumor of the lung, the vast majority of lung cancer originated in the bronchial mucosal epi

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Lung cancer is the most common primary malignant tumor of the lung, the vast majority of lung cancer originated in the bronchial mucosal epithelium, it is also known as bronchial lung cancer. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy is essential in the diagnosis of lung cancer. Because lung cancer is bronchial tumor, especially those tumors by X-ray or CT tablet early is hard to find, at this time, can be directly observed by bronchoscopy tracheal lesions has become a very effective means. At present, a large number of patients with lung cancer are diagnosed by transbronchial biopsy or cytology. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy can be carried out under local anesthesia, convenient operation, less pain of patients. The visual range of the main bronchus, bronchus, bronchus and segmental bronchus, the diseased regions can be seen to take the tissues for pathological examination, or brushing cells for cytological examination with a small brush at the lesion site, in order to achieve the purpose of diagnosis. According to the scope and severity of the disease, doctors can be used to guide the selection of appropriate treatment plan.

Bronchoscopy can not only diagnose lung cancer, but also has a wide range of uses in the treatment. For some tracheal tumor, also for bronchoscopic tumor resection, surgery to avoid the pain. In addition, for patients who are not suitable for surgical treatment of lung cancer can be treated by cryotherapy, injection of chemotherapy drugs, photodynamic therapy, stent implantation, intracavitary radiotherapy, etc..

 

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