Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common malignant tumors, and the main method of radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common malignant tumors, and the main method of radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Therefore, radiation therapy should pay attention to the treatment and nursing of adverse reactions, in order to make the radiotherapy plan completed successfully.
Before the 1 psychological nursing in radiotherapy, accompanied by the patient visit the room, to eliminate strange mental patients, with a friendly smile, a language skill and a solid theoretical knowledge, good nurse patient relationship, enhance patient confidence to overcome the disease.
2 with the increase of the dose of radiation, the skin of the irradiated area will appear different degrees of damage to the skin of the irradiated area, which is a normal phenomenon. Patients should choose the best cotton underwear, no collar, it can reduce the friction on the skin of the neck, to avoid the use of strong soap or alcohol wipe iodophor, irradiated skin, at the same time to protect the radiotherapy mark, to ensure the accuracy of radiation therapy.
3 oral care in the course of radiotherapy can appear varying degrees of oral mucosa changes, patients with soft toothbrush brushing, mouthwash after meals, while paying attention to food hygiene, the use of tableware alone. 3 years after radiotherapy to prevent tooth extraction, so as not to cause inflammation of the lower jaw.
Nursing of radiotherapy in 4 radioactive otitis media and nose eye to note in the nursing care of nose and eyes, pay attention to local radiotherapy clean, saline nasal wash two times a day, nasal dry available paraffin oil lubrication, and pay attention to nasal bleeding. Eyes and ears can use antibiotics such as ofloxacin eye drops, ear drops.
During the 5 diet nursing of radiotherapy patients should be more water, to increase the amount of urine, accelerate the excretion of toxins, reduce renal toxicity, eat a high protein, high vitamin, low fat foods and fresh fruits and vegetables, eat much food less, no alcohol and spicy, hot and cold, hard food.
6 oral functional exercise after radiotherapy because of masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joint fibrosis can lead to trismus, patients should do more oral functional exercise, such as the size and oral consistent grapes, small tomato fruit in the oral fixed 2 ~ 3min, or practice mouth, teeth, and down joint oral activities.