Schizophrenia (schizophrenia)Schizophrenia (schizophrenia) is a kind of spiritual activity and the realistic environment from all aspects of
Schizophrenia (schizophrenia) is a kind of spiritual activity and the realistic environment from all aspects of cognitive process, emotional process, will process and character of mutual distrust coordination, division of disease, mental disease is one of the highest prevalence rate.
Schizophrenia is more common in young adults, the most common onset of 15-35 years old. The disease is a functional mental disorder, which is based on the current level of medical science, but also failed to find patients with significant morphological changes in the brain or certain physiological and biochemical changes. Although the patient does not exist in general awareness and intelligence obstacles, but not only affect my ability to attack, but also on the family and society have a negative impact.
Schizophrenia according to its clinical manifestations are divided into two groups: one group called positive symptoms manifested as thought disorder, affective disorders, delusions and hallucinations; a group called negative symptoms, mainly in the power, energy, mood, emotion, social etiquette, etc., there is often lack of spirit or recession the function, performance for the poverty of thought, withdrawal, lack of will, regardless of etiquette.
Thinking obstacles - specific performance:
1 Lenovo lax, namely language structure relaxation, and between paragraphs and paragraphs is disordered, sentence and sentence between unrelated words or between words cannot form a complete sentence;
2 thinking barrier, that is, the reason for the sudden termination of the topic is not discussed, after a moment to continue the original topic or another topic, and lack of self-knowledge;
3 strange reasoning, that is, logical confusion, so that people do not know what the cloud.
Delusion: delusion is a kind of irrational, inconsistent with reality and impossible to achieve but firmly believe that the wrong faith. It includes wrong judgment and logical reasoning. Even if the facts or theories have been fully demonstrated in front of the delusional, it is difficult to shake his faith, delusions are mostly in the state of mental illness, such as schizophrenia.
Delusion has a short duration, but also a lasting. The content of delusions coherent, compact structure called the system delusion; contents fragmented, inconsistent, lack of logic known as non systematic delusion.
Primary delusions are not understood in terms of their own life experiences and personality; secondary delusions can be understood in a morbid state of mind, derived from other psychiatric symptoms or disorders, such as affective disorders or implicated beliefs.
Affective disorder - emotional dullness, emotional reaction and the content of thinking and external stimuli do not match, is an important feature of schizophrenia. At the beginning of the performance of the loss of the more delicate emotions, such as the lack of concern for the comrades of sympathy, owe to their loved ones, such as tenderness. With the development of the disease, the patient's feelings will become increasingly dull and indifferent, and even to make others feel great pain, the person also showed a surprisingly dull. Finally, the patient may lose any emotional connection with the surrounding environment. At the same time, apathy, can occur in patients with emotional reactions and the environment is not harmonious, and thinking content do not match, such as only because of a little thing on the sense of rage, or smiling about his misfortune, the latter is called paramania.
Psychosensory disturbance in schizophrenia -- this is not uncommon, such as patients felt his head left his body, loss of body weight, body light seems to be blown up, walk not to feel the existence of lower limbs.
Two, negative symptoms
For the negative symptoms of schizophrenia patients, mainly personality, emotional reaction, the will, the behavior and social function obstacle, such as a lack of emotion, lack of initiative, lack of interest, lack of verbal behavior, social withdrawal, lazy.
Interpretation of schizophrenia symptoms five
Schizophrenia with positive symptoms, negative symptoms, cognitive impairment, emotional symptoms, excitement / hostile five feature. It is worth noting that, compared to hallucinations, delusions these obvious and easy to detect positive symptoms, emotional apathy, lack of thinking and other negative symptoms are often easy to be ignored. In real life, a lot of patients or family members often will be in the early stages of the disease, negative symptoms and personality reason poor objective factors such as equals. Improper child, not to mention the active treatment and treatment. Such a misunderstanding, in exchange for the treatment of missed treatment is a heavy price.
There are five features of schizophrenia:
The positive symptoms
The negative symptoms
The hostile attack
The change of cognition
The emotional change
1 positive symptoms:
No social exaggerated words
After the disintegration of the language (broken)
After the disintegration of behavior
2 negative symptoms:
Slow - emotion
- bad interpersonal relationship
Abstract - thinking obstacles
The lack of autonomy.
- language and thought and fluency decreased
- attention damage
A damage behavior
3 aggression and hostility: (may contain positive symptoms, but with characteristic)
After the injury, Dutch act
The other forms of harm
4 emotional symptoms (including depression and anxiety)
The emotional depression
The sense of guilt
5 cognitive symptoms:
Some abnormal thinking
It is not coherent, strange language, new words
To pay attention to information processing process of defect and damage
It impaired learning ability
It impaired executive function
Schizophrenia is a recurrent chronic persistent disease, the illness relapses easily. Each relapse may lead to permanent brain injury patients, impaired cognitive function further and further down the social function; for the families of patients, the recurrence of mean hospitalization of the disease and the deterioration of relatives repeatedly mandatory, must assume a greater economic burden and emotional stress; for medical workers, will increase the difficulty of the treatment of recurrence and finally, the prognosis is not ideal. Therefore, effective prevention of the recurrence of schizophrenia has become an urgent need to solve social problems.
Shijiazhuang Zhang Qingbin