Our CHD prevalence has decreased with age trend of birth was 6.87 per thousand live births (Shanghai), 3.1 preschool children in 1000 (Cheng
Our CHD prevalence has decreased with age trend of birth was 6.87 per thousand live births (Shanghai), 3.1 preschool children in 1000 (Chengdu), 2.39 school-age children% ~ 2.8 per thousand (Hefei, Fuzhou), 3.1 middle school students and primary school (Harbin)%, 1.08 per thousand adults (Guangdong). However, in the plateau area of primary and middle school students in Qinghai, the prevalence rate of up to 8.8 per thousand to 13.7 per thousand. American born infant survival prevalence rate of about 8 per thousand, stillbirth prevalence rate of 80 per thousand, the prevalence rate of adults was 2.4 per thousand to 2.8 per thousand (Flemming John, Chicago).
Early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment are of great significance to the curative effect and prognosis of the disease. If there is discomfort, to timely medical treatment, early detection of congenital heart disease, so as not to delay the disease. The drug treatment is the most basic means to cure the disease.
Treatment of congenital heart disease
Generally depends on the type and severity of the deformity, the timing of surgery and preoperative cardiac function, and the absence of comorbidities, and no shunt or left to right shunt. The light had no symptoms, ECG and X line without abnormal and severe can be corrected by surgery betterprognosis. If severe pulmonary hypertension has been developed, the prognosis is poor. Right to left shunt or combined malformation serious illness, should undergo early surgery. Light person can choose the timing of surgery in 10 years. Congenital heart disease in ventricular septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus and tetralogy of Fallot is complicated by infective endocarditis, prognosis should pay attention to prevention.