Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of heart disease caused by abnormal vascular development in the fetus. With the impro
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of heart disease caused by abnormal vascular development in the fetus. With the improvement of medical technology in the past 20 years, many common congenital heart diseases can be diagnosed and cured. However, there are still a lot of children with congenital heart disease in our country can not get timely treatment and died. The survey found that mainly due to the lack of awareness of the disease of the patient's parents, resulting in the best time to delay treatment.
Experts suggest that children with congenital heart disease early detection, early diagnosis, early treatment is particularly important. In order to let more new parents of young parents to understand the disease prevention, according to the network of public opinion survey to collect some questions about children with congenital heart disease and Li Xiaobo invited the director to answer.
Li Xiaobo: Associate Professor, associate chief physician Shanghai Yuanda Cardiothoracic Hospital cardiac surgery expert group leader, longtime director of cardiothoracic surgery three hospitals, has a very rich clinical experience. In General Hospital of Nanjing Military Region, the Affiliated Xinhua Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine hospital in cardiothoracic surgery in clinical, teaching and research work for 24 years, accumulated all kinds of cardiac surgery more than 2000 cases, all kinds of ordinary Department of thoracic surgery surgery more than 2000 cases with clinical experience and surgical skills of the rich. Minimally invasive surgery for congenital heart disease, preservation of valve replacement and coronary artery bypass grafting. In the ordinary Department of thoracic surgery operation, is mainly the conventional Department of thoracic surgery surgery, is good at the small incision thoracotomy (can be supplemented by thoracoscope) and large vessels related to the mediastinum surgery.
Reporter: Director Lee, hello.
Director Li: Hello
Reporter: Director Lee, from the years of rural medical treatment, we observed that the incidence of congenital heart disease is growing, but unfortunately many children because they can not be found in time and treatment and died. Here, we would like to interview you to popularize the prevention and treatment of congenital heart disease in children.
Director Li: good
Reporter: first of all, please tell us about the incidence of congenital heart disease in children.
Director Li: according to some data survey shows that every year in our country born babies suffering from congenital heart disease is estimated at 150 thousand, of which about 30% may die in infancy. The city's congenital heart disease incidence rate was 1 per thousand, and the incidence rate in rural areas is as high as 7-8%.
Reporter: when it comes to congenital diseases, most of us believe that it is due to genetic effects, the incidence of congenital heart disease in children what are the factors?
Li: it is mainly in the fetal embryos, usually in the early stages of pregnancy, is pregnant within 30 days or 1-2 months, because many people know pregnant late in this period, because do not pay attention to life work and affect the fetus. Common factors are: cold, drugs, radiation, radiation, genetic and so on.
Reporter: newborn children suffering from congenital heart disease, it will cause harm to the newborn?
Li: simply speaking, depends on the severity of congenital heart disease, the condition of light can be developed with self-healing children, the severity of harm is relatively large, mainly because of the existence of the heart defects, such as oxygen supply difficulties caused by a divided flow, feeding difficulties, poor development, severe hypoxic episodes of crying and even lead to heart failure, death.