Children with congenital heart disease: no surgery treatment

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A child has been diagnosed with congenital heart disease.Listen to the doctor said, can be treated by open chest surgery, however, open ches

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A child has been diagnosed with congenital heart disease.

Listen to the doctor said, can be treated by open chest surgery, however, open chest surgery technical requirements are relatively high, trauma, postoperative recovery time, complications, the need for the body to tolerate.

So, they hope that the whole family will be able to safely up to half a year, in order to undergo open heart surgery.

Who knows, the child because of heart disease, the body has been very weak, often suffering from pneumonia.

Less than half a year, lived more than a dozen homes.

The whole family was mentally and financially exhausted, and the child died of pneumonia complicated with heart failure.

Fetal congenital heart disease, heart and vascular abnormalities caused by congenital malformation is the most common pediatric heart disease.

China is estimated to be born 100 thousand to 150 thousand years with congenital heart disease of newborn, such as untreated, of which about 1/3 of the children born in the month after the severe and complex deformity due to the death of 1.

The baby will survive because of heart disease and health, causes the growth of backward, and even affect intelligence, a serious threat to children's health and even life, also affect children's education, work, marriage, family, the heavy burden and psychological pressure to the family and society.

In recent years, great progress has been made in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric congenital heart disease, heart surgery, extracorporeal circulation, the development of open heart surgery under hypothermic anesthesia, and the use of conduit, not only the most common congenital heart disease surgery effect is greatly improved, but also can carry out surgery in infancy, even the newborn for some complex heart malformation, which has greatly improved the prognosis of congenital heart disease.

However, open heart surgery high technical requirements, sometimes the need for multidisciplinary cooperation; during the operation, the majority still need extracorporeal circulation; and surgical trauma, complications, postoperative recovery time is long, will leave a long scar, not only affects the appearance, but also give the child to leave the psychological barrier.

In view of the problems existing in the treatment of open chest surgery, a new medical interventional therapy of congenital heart disease came into being.

And in recent years, there has been rapid development and progress.

"Open" heart surgery

Interventional therapy is under fluoroscopy, using the catheter will instruments to cardiac malformations, blocking or balloon dilatation in the treatment of deformity, so called "open" heart surgery.

Generally do not require general anesthesia, only local anesthesia or sacral anesthesia.

Do not need surgery, only in the patient's thigh puncture femoral artery or vein, into the vascular sheath, and then into the catheter, can be the diagnosis and treatment of the corresponding operations, such as the closure of ductus arteriosus, atrial and ventricular septal defect, and the application of balloon expansion valve stenosis (such as pulmonary artery stenosis) and blood vessel.

In the placement of the catheter, it is sometimes necessary to inject a contrast agent into the blood vessels or the heart to perform a angiocardiography to help understand the details of the disease.

 

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