4 common intercept tactics 3 treatment of congenital heart diseaseMedical treatmentFor mild heart disease with left to right shunt, generall
4 common intercept tactics 3 treatment of congenital heart disease
For mild heart disease with left to right shunt, generally do not need special treatment, asked the parents with children regularly follow-up, close observation of changes; for severe congenital heart disease, intensive care and timely treatment of heart failure and other complications, according to the situation as soon as possible to cure; for cyanotic congenital heart disease, such as tetralogy of Fallot can be in the maintenance of vital signs under the condition of elective surgery, serious cases such as transposition of the great arteries, pulmonary atresia can carry out interventional treatment, and radical surgery as soon as possible.
Neonatal heart failure treatment
Heart failure is the most common complication of congenital heart disease and the main cause of death. The principle of treatment is the use of digitalis preparations in the routine sedation and oxygen inhalation.
Treatment of open and closed ductus arteriosus
Premature infants often have patent ductus arteriosus, affecting lung function. Early use of prostaglandin synthase inhibitors to close the ductus arteriosus. But some severe cyanotic congenital heart disease in children, need to rely on the arterial catheter survival, so early open artery catheter is conducive for the operation time.
Timing of surgery
Once the diagnosis of congenital heart disease is confirmed, most of them need to be cured by surgery or interventional therapy. However, some of the children with heart defects can be closed, or no performance for life without treatment. The need for surgical treatment of children, once missed treatment opportunities, will lead to illness can not be improved, so the choice of the right time is very important. However, the timing of surgery for congenital heart disease is not immutable, children with long-term follow-up, according to the condition of the choice of surgery time.