Disadvantages of traditional surgery for congenital heart disease

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Abstract: the traditional method of congenital heart surgery is sternal incision in the chest, blade ca. 25 cm; have taken a right anterior

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Abstract: the traditional method of congenital heart surgery is sternal incision in the chest, blade ca. 25 cm; have taken a right anterior lateral incision, but may result in patients with thoracic rib joint dislocation and complications.

Before discussing the causes of congenital heart disease, we first detailed what is the pathogenesis of congenital heart disease. In the period of embryonic development (early pregnancy 2-3 months), due to formation of disorder of the heart and great vessels of the local anatomical abnormalities, or after birth should not automatically shut down the closed channel (in normal fetal heart), known as congenital heart disease. In addition to individual ventricular septal defect at the age of 2 to heal the opportunity, the vast majority of surgical treatment. In clinical heart failure, cyanosis and dysplasia as the main manifestation.

According to statistics, about 6 of every 1000 newborns with congenital heart disease. According to the birth rate and the incidence of congenital heart disease, 150 thousand with estimated China's annual birth. Congenital heart disease is a killer of children and adults' health and life".

A new type of minimally invasive surgery, which is far away from the chest, has been successfully used in Shanghai, where doctors have to perform a surgical treatment of congenital heart disease with a 6 cm to 10 cm incision in the right armpit.

According to reports, the traditional method of cardiac surgery is sternal incision in the chest, blade ca. 25 cm; have taken a right anterior lateral incision, but may result in patients with thoracic rib joint dislocation and complications.

The doctor only in patients with axillary incision in small incision, can direct repair of atrial septum and ventricular septal, membranous ventricular septal defect, correcting mitral regurgitation and pulmonary venous drainage, can also be used for heart valve replacement. In more than 30 cases of surgery, no complications occurred, most patients without blood transfusion, a week or so can be discharged.

 

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