The bullet, knife, explosive injury, injured, injured the blade caused by the open injury and traffic accident, falling injury, sports sprai
The bullet, knife, explosive injury, injured, injured the blade caused by the open injury and traffic accident, falling injury, sports sprain, spine, closed as a result of the heavy load damage lead to open or open the risk caused by spinal fracture, spinal meningocele, half side myelomeningocele, cavitary myelomeningocele and meningocele called open spina bifida.
The common symptoms of the patients with open spina bifida are abnormal spine, spinal pain and abnormal gait. Open spina bifida patients with clinical manifestations: the patient's mother had infection, trauma and medications during pregnancy; patients with Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus malformation; local open spina bifida to back midline skin defect can be seen or cystic tumor, a pulsation, sometimes compressed, defect the roots can touch the spine, sac around the bottom are often hemangioma like skin and hair; patients with neurological symptoms showed lower limb sensation and motor disorders and autonomic nerve dysfunction.
In the diagnosis of open spina bifida, the diagnosis is usually not difficult, but it is necessary to determine the type of deformity. X-ray plain film can show the posterior spinal bifida, midline septum, half of the vertebral body and narrow intervertebral disc, spinal CT and MRI can clearly show the spine and spinal deformity.
Spinal fracture, spinal meningocele, hemi myelomeningocele, cavitary myelomeningocele and myelomeningocele patients with different symptoms. Spinal bifida patients mostly back skin defect and central nervous system symptoms serious; simple meningocele in patients with cystic mass, transmission test positive, normal nervous system, spinal X-ray only shows spina bifida meningomyelocele; the symptoms of the patients with simple meningocele with opposite side; myelomeningocele patients with cystic block off center, nervous system symptoms were concentrated on one side, the spine X-ray film showed bony septum, lateral midline vertebral stenosis of intervertebral disc, etc..
In open spina bifida patients except lower extremity flaccid paralysis, incontinence, and patients with hydrocephalus patients with visible other severe congenital malformations, neonatal patients with ventriculitis and required surgical treatment.
Open spina bifida patients is removed during the capsule, loosening the conglutination of spinal cord and nerve root, repair of soft tissue defect, avoid cyst rupture and prevent nerve tissue involved.
So, how should the patient with open spina bifida have a better recovery after surgery?
First, to ensure adequate nutrition. Spinal cord disease diet should be rich in protein and vitamins, open spina bifida patients as well, the need to ensure adequate intake of carbohydrates and trace elements.
Second, pay attention to diet. Open spina bifida patients should be based on their own situation, choose the right diet, such as semi solid, fluid, semi fluid and other foods, in order to prevent the involvement of bulbar muscle.
Three, pay attention to exercise. Patients with early spinal cord disease should adhere to the work, open spina bifida patients are no exception. In addition, the patient should be a simple exercise, but should avoid excessive activity, high-intensity exercise, so as not to aggravate the condition.
Four, pay attention to personal hygiene. Patients with open spina bifida should do well in oral hygiene to prevent food residue retention.
Five, adjust mood. A good mood will help the patient recover. Open spina bifida patients can cultivate personal preferences in life, do some recreational activities, maintain a good mood; to maintain adequate sleep, sleep quality, keep in fine Fig.