Sleep disorders (eight) type and evaluation of insomnia

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Types of insomnia:Transient insomnia: within 1 weeks.Adaptive sleep disorder, sudden situational tension (new school, exam, new job, hospita

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Types of insomnia:

Transient insomnia: within 1 weeks.

Adaptive sleep disorder, sudden situational tension (new school, exam, new job, hospitalization, etc.)

Circadian rhythm sleep disorders (time, shift)

Short term insomnia: 1-3 weeks.

Adaptive sleep disorder (romance, divorce, job stress, etc.)

Circadian rhythm sleep disorders (time, shift)

Chronic insomnia: more than 3 weeks.

Accounted for about 90% of patients with insomnia, 10%-15% adults with chronic insomnia; the prevalence rate of the elderly was about 40%, and the annual incidence rate was about 5%.

There is usually a need for treatment of the underlying disease (insomnia is only a manifestation): mental disorders, chronic pain, sleep apnea, drug and substance abuse, restless legs.

Evaluation of insomnia:

Sleep status should be understood as routine. Patients and doctors tend to ignore the dangers of insomnia. Especially the elderly, women, snoring, drug use, alcohol abusers. There are individual differences in sleep: there is an individual difference in the amount of sleep needed to achieve daytime work. Can not only look at the total sleep time, but also to see the time to sleep, sleep wake up time or frequency, as well as sleep efficiency and other indicators. The subjective experience of the patient is easy to exaggerate: the anxiety before sleep can cause the severity of insomnia in second days.

 

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