Cognitive therapy relieves insomnia

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Chronic insomnia can cause people difficult to sleep in the hours of sleep time.Imagine that you want to make an important report tomorrow m


Chronic insomnia can cause people difficult to sleep in the hours of sleep time.

Imagine that you want to make an important report tomorrow morning, you know you're going to sleep early, so second days does not seem too tired or forget the words. You went to bed early but off the anxiety of "gate", and then start to blame why can't sleep, so you more difficult to sleep. In the end, you become more and more depressed, had to swallow some sleeping pills, so finally closed his eyes.

Sound familiar? Every 3 adults have a say they suffer insomnia, when feeling stressed or anxious, it is tempting to seek rapid solutions, including 5%~15% people will resort to prescription drugs, such as benzodiazepines two, drugs and other related Ambien estazolam pills. However, these drugs may develop chemical risk or psychological dependence, the patient often develop resistance. In order to provide patients with more choices, some doctors have recently proposed psychological intervention therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i).

CBT is a kind of talk therapy, can be used for the treatment of various mental diseases. It is based on a model known as the "vicious circle", also known as the spiral model. How to explain the vicious spiral negative thoughts lead to negative feelings and self destructive behavior. CBT is a disruptive technology in the presence of these negative emotions, the purpose is to affect subsequent behavior.

For insomnia, the treatment is mainly divided into 5 steps: first, the therapist will prompt resolution may lead to insomnia patients with negative emotions, such as fear of not enough rest irrational emotion, the therapist will then explain why these thoughts not sleep, or constructive thought instead of more positive; followed by stimulus control, the therapist tries to the maximum contact between the bed and sleep, such as through the guidance of the patient behavior change, avoid stimulating activities in the bedroom; in the third step, the therapist will recommend that patients go to bed only when drowse, minimize the ideas about lying awake in the mind; fourth, they will be presented to the patient how to keep a good "sleep health", which avoid daytime nap and rest before the limit caffeinated beverages; finally, the therapist suggested that patients in bed Take relaxation therapy, such as meditation, in order to calm them down.

Trauer, a research scientist at the sleep disorders center in Melbourne, Australia (MSDC), the lead author of the study, James, recently analyzed the efficacy of CBT-i therapy. He said the study was carried out because he was surprised to find that few of his patients had ever used or even heard of it. The researchers concluded that CBT-i is a very effective, alternative drug therapy for the treatment of insomnia. Their findings were published in the June 8th issue of the annals of internal medicine.

The researchers said that during the study period, after CBT-i treatment, patients with sleep time averaged 19 minutes ahead, midnight awake 26 minutes less time, total sleep time increased 7.6 minutes at the same time, sleep quality is increased by nearly 10%. Although the overall sleep time did not appear significantly in statistics, but experts said that for patients, the most important message is that "there is a safe treatment method, the treatment does not rely on a core problem of popular drugs can watch." Trauer said.

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