Keyword: chronic kidney disease early detection of self-careChronic kidney disease is a common clinical refractory disease, the prevalence r
Keyword: chronic kidney disease early detection of self-care
Chronic kidney disease is a common clinical refractory disease, the prevalence rate is increasing, and often because of continued progress and the need for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, and heart and vascular complications incidence rate and mortality is rising year by year. In recent years, the United States, Europe, Japan, Australia and Beijing, Shanghai and Hongkong Chinese have conducted large-scale epidemiological investigation of adult chronic kidney disease, showed the prevalence rate of around 10%, while the patients in the awareness rate was only about 9%. It has become an important topic in the field of kidney disease that how to find out the chronic kidney disease and take effective measures to delay its progress.
In patients with chronic kidney disease clinical admissions situation, about 70% of patients with long-term about overwork. This is because people in the state of fatigue, tension, work spirit and, easily lead to decreased resistance to bacteria and virus infection, cause kidney damage, appear lumbago, lower limbs, eyelid edema, proteinuria, and elevated blood pressure, dizziness and other phenomena. The performance is not easy to arouse people's attention, since that rest, the condition in the unceasing development, resulting in serious edema, oliguria, high blood pressure, body discomfort, then went to the hospital to see a doctor, missed early treatment and conditioning time, cause lifelong regret. The following is a brief introduction of how to find the two aspects of chronic kidney disease and how to carry out self-care.
1 how can we find chronic kidney disease? We believe that the following points can be found in the first time, and can be treated as soon as possible.
1.1 pay attention to regular health examination.
A significant proportion of patients with asymptomatic hematuria, proteinuria, and mild renal impairment were found in regular health examinations. Therefore, regular attention should be paid to their own urine routine
And renal function, especially young people, to prevent the development of renal failure. It is best to make a routine urine routine and renal function test every six months. High risk groups to increase the frequency of urinary monitoring. General renal examination includes four items: urine routine, renal function, blood pressure and renal ultrasonography. For hypertension and diabetes caused by kidney disease, we must do some special urine examination, such as urinary microalbumin, in order to detect early kidney damage.
Urine is early detection method of chronic kidney disease is convenient and cheap, urine routine examination can help to understand the existence of patients with hematuria, proteinuria, urinary tube, hypotonic urine etc., urinary albumin examination is helpful to find early renal injury.
1.2 timely detection of suspicious signals of chronic kidney disease.
Such as the morning bubble eyes, eyelid edema, edema of lower limbs in urine increase (especially the long time not dissipated), nocturia, increased blood pressure, suggesting chronic kidney disease, should go to the regular hospital as soon as possible, as soon as possible to improve the relevant laboratory examination. It should be noted that, in newly diagnosed patients with hypertension, the kidney should be routinely checked, because many chronic kidney disease is the first manifestation of increased blood pressure.
1.3 regular screening for high-risk groups.
The evaluation of kidney status of high risk population should be strengthened. Family history of kidney disease, chronic tonsillitis, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, rheumatism or chronic drug use history, are risk factors with chronic kidney disease, these patients in addition to the regular urine routine and renal function tests (1 ~ March), urinary albumin, urinary albumin etc / creatinine ratio is more sensitive and more accurate indicators should be considered in the column, the more early kidney damage is found. In addition, patients with lupus erythematosus, cancer, stroke, isolated kidney, and so on, should also regularly check the kidneys.
2 people how to protect and nursed their kidney?
In order to mobilize the body's immunity, resistance, prevention of disease exacerbation and development, good health care is very important, is a brief introduction of several simple strong kidney health care methods.
1 rest, pay attention to rest
After fatigue, the body's metabolic products increased, increasing the workload of the kidney. After fatigue resistance decreased, easy to catch a cold, especially the elderly. Therefore, avoid excessive fatigue, to learn proper rest, the easiest way to kidney, is to sleep before 11 in the evening. Traditional Chinese medicine theory holds that the kidney is the essence of the main body, the main water, the main gas, the Yuan Yin, Yuanyang, is the human body of the original. The kidney essence is touse, such as "Q - six viscera theory" said: "the kidney, the main sting, hiding the refined part...". Therefore, reasonable rest, is the best way to kidney. Modern medicine believes that the kidney blood flow lying position is 4 times, the human body lying rich blood flow, is conducive to the elimination of metabolic waste, but also a simple method of kidney.
2 reasonable diet, protect kidney
Chronic kidney disease is a kind of immune related diseases, fish, shrimp and peaches and other allergenic foods to eat less, should taste light, avoid alcohol and leek, garlic and other spicy food, the amount of protein intake, avoid Dabu, so as not to aggravate the burden of kidney damage for a long time. Modern medical research that high protein diet caused by glomerular hypertransfusion and hyperfiltration and glomerular hypertension, aggravate the metabolic burden, resulting in glomerulosclerosis and fibrosis, nephron loss, renal dysfunction, disease will further develop. Therefore, suffering from chronic kidney disease, should not blindly increase nutrition, excessive intake of high-quality protein foods, not only conducive to the recovery of the disease, it will aggravate the condition.
3 self massage waist double Shenshu
Waist for the house of the kidney, so massage the waist, namely strong kidney. Shenshu Point of bladder meridian, in vein, for kidney location, the most warm chills. Often rub Shenshu to heat, dispelling wind dampness, cold temperature with muscle, Qi and blood, dredge the meridians, ear Mingmu, gujingyishen, cultivate strong vitality, and save the loss by waist kidney, tonifying the fire of life etc..
Methods: two hands to rub to palm fever, were put to the waist, in the center of the lower massage Shenshu, have a hot date, once in the morning and evening, each about 200.
4 rubbing the soles of the feet Yongquan
Plantar Yongquan, in 1/3, located at the foot of the depression second, 3 toe toes lines and heel connection, the body Shu, "Wells" is the point of the kidney. The "Yellow Emperor" said: "the kidney for springs springs, the heart is full". Regular massage Yongquan, increase lean marrow, kidney yang, strong gluten. The soles of the feet Yongquan is vitiated decline place.
Methods: two hands on the palm rub, rub right to the left hand to the right hand rubbing the left arch, arch, the daily morning and evening of 1, each rub 300.