Epidemiological survey shows that over the past 30 years, chronic kidney disease has become one of the main threats to public health in the
Epidemiological survey shows that over the past 30 years, chronic kidney disease has become one of the main threats to public health in the world. From the statistics in recent years, in developed countries (such as the United States and Holland), the general population is about 6.5%~10% with varying degrees of kidney disease, including kidney disease patients in the United States has more than 20 million year, the hospital admitted to kidney disease patients as high as about 1000000, while the number of kidney disease than did not go to the doctor the number of patients were much more. There is no detailed epidemiological survey data of chronic kidney disease in China. The preliminary results show that the prevalence rate of chronic kidney disease among people over 40 years old is about 8%~9%, and the results are shocking.
Why the prevalence of chronic kidney disease, the number of patients increased year by year?
The main reason is that with the material life and the improvement of working conditions, there have been some unreasonable changes in people's way of life, such as some nutrients (carbohydrates, fat and salt) eating too much, too little physical activity; at the same time, because of work pressure, mental stress is too high, lack of sleep, smoking, drinking, and a variety of factors such as environmental pollution, the diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia and hyperuricemia and metabolic diseases such as obesity, the rising prevalence rate and the metabolic disease secondary to chronic kidney disease.
Secondly, the incidence of various infections (hepatitis, tuberculosis, AIDS, schistosomiasis, etc.), immune mediated primary or secondary nephropathy remains high, especially in developing countries.
In addition to the above reasons, another reason not to abuse drugs or drug abuse caused by drug induced renal damage is also increasing nephropathy, such as analgesics, drugs such as aristolochia.
Of course, with the development of society, the extension of human life, the aging population is becoming more and more obvious, the elderly (> 65) the function of various organs increased with age gradually showed a decreasing trend, so that the elderly especially in elderly (> 80) in kidney disease rate significantly increased.
Chinese society of Nephrology