What problems should be paid attention to after artificial joint replacement?

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After the operation, the function training of the joints should be carried out under the guidance of doctors in order to achieve the better

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After the operation, the function training of the joints should be carried out under the guidance of doctors in order to achieve the better function of the replacement joints as soon as possible.

Bone cement fixed joints, generally allow weight-bearing immediately after surgery, cementless fixation of the joint, three months after the operation can be obtained after comparison of rigid fixation, so full weight-bearing should be in three months after the operation. After proper training, the replacement of artificial joints are generally able to achieve a more satisfactory pain relief, weight-bearing, walking, and the activities of all directions, to meet the needs of daily life, improve the quality of life. However, due to the limited life of artificial implant materials, the postoperative activities should be avoided, so as to delay the arrival time of prosthesis loosening, fracture and other complications. After artificial joint replacement, the range of motion of joint is less than that of normal joint. After artificial hip replacement, should avoid squatting, sitting low bench short sofa, sitting cross legged, Alice his legs, to avoid the artificial hip joint dislocation.

At present the artificial hip joint and knee joint life is generally 8-20 years, after artificial joint replacement, due to the implantation of prosthesis materials, and different operation technology problems of different materials and different elastic modulus of the prosthesis shape, placement direction can cause such as local pain, prosthesis loosening of prosthesis loosening (increasing with time after operation however, wear and fracture), joint stiffness, postoperative fracture, dislocation, poor location, deep infection and other local complications, and often has to again artificial joint revision.

The revision of the artificial joint is the removal of the loose or broken artificial prosthesis and the new artificial joint. It is an operation that is more complex, costly, and is also an expert who requires more technical and clinical experience. At present the artificial joint revision surgery results than the first replacement is much worse than age decreased complications also increased.

Therefore, after artificial joint replacement should be rechecked in long-term follow-up, generally after first years of internal film review once every 3 months, every 1-2 years after a film review. Early detection of possible complications, and actively take preventive measures to extend the life of artificial joints. Pain is often the most early after the occurrence of various complications, therefore, local intractable pain after surgery should be treated as soon as possible.

In addition, there may be systemic complications such as deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

 

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