Rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty

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Artificial total knee arthroplasty is a very effective surgery, only the success of the operation on the surgical technique without effectiv

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Artificial total knee arthroplasty is a very effective surgery, only the success of the operation on the surgical technique without effective rehabilitation training, can not achieve the desired results. As far as the knee replacement is concerned, functional exercise plays an important role in surgery, which is related to the function and activity of the knee joint. Under the guidance of a doctor, the sooner the functional exercise begins. Functional exercise should be active, passive activity as a supplement. Practicing knee extension is as important or even more important as flexion. Early pain is normal, not because of pain and not lose activity, the best practice period (within one week after operation), and affect the function of knee joint. The purpose of postoperative rehabilitation is to restore the function and self-care ability of patients by early functional training.

Ankle pump action: after the onset of anesthesia can begin foot and ankle flexion and extension activities, each 2 to 3 minutes, every hour of 2 ~ 3 times.

Exercise of the four part of the femoral head: after the operation, the first day of the beginning of the exercise of the femoral head to maintain muscle tension in the four muscles of the head of the group of second. Try to dorsiflexion of the ankle, knee extension do leg action, for 5 seconds, 5 seconds to relax and repeat, until the thigh muscle fatigue.

Knee extension exercise: the lower limbs straight, as the exercise of the four shares of the stock, the legs lifted from the bed more than 10 cm, to maintain for 5 ~ 10 seconds, slowly put down, repeat this action until the thigh fatigue. Can do straight leg exercises held in the sitting position, the contraction of the thigh muscles, the knee extension and keep 5 to 10 seconds.

Knee extensor exercise: supine, put a small pillow in the heel to heel dangling above, thigh muscle contraction, the knee fully extended, and tries to make contact to the rear knee mattress, to maintain 10 to 15 seconds, repeat this action, until the thigh muscle fatigue.

Heel slip knee exercise: drainage tube pulled out after the start. Supine, so that the soles of the feet in the bed to the hip slide, while the knee flexion to the maximum, and in this position to maintain 5 ~ 10 seconds, repeated several times, until the legs feel tired.

The auxiliary seat knees started to practice: after sitting beside the bed or chair, slowly knee flexion to natural droop to the maximum. Then the side of the foot to the other side of the foot of the back, the use of gravity to make the knee joint flexion as much as possible, and maintain 5 ~ 10 seconds, repeated several times, until the legs feel tired.

Early ground movement

Second days after surgery can be under the guidance of the doctor, to practice standing. After third to 4 days after the operation, after the inflammatory response subsided, you can begin to do short distance walking exercise. These early exercises help to regain muscle strength around the knee, improve joint mobility and restore balance and coordination.

Walking exercise

The right way to walk is the best way to help your knees. You need to walk with a walker or a walking stick. First of all in the upright should feel comfortable and can keep the balance, and then put the walker or crutches to move forward a little distance, the operation side of knee extension moves forward, the heelstrike, the body forward, then foot flat, finally by toe off. Walking frequency, step distance and speed should be uniform. When the muscle strength and endurance are increased, the walking time can be prolonged.

Up and down stairs

Going up and down stairs requires strength and coordination. It is the best exercise to strengthen the strength and endurance of the body. It begins with the help of someone who has enough strength and balance.

Due to the patient's physical condition, mental illness, psychological quality, subjective requirements, the operation process is not the same, after total knee arthroplasty rehabilitation should vary from person to person. In addition, due to the long-term pain, the patients had knee joint received total knee arthroplasty deformity and dysfunction of the history, so the functional exercise should grasp the principle of gradual, should avoid should not act with undue haste, injury.

 

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