Arthroscopy is a kind of rod shaped optical instrument with a diameter of about 5mm, which is used for the diagnosis and treatment of joint
Arthroscopy is a kind of rod shaped optical instrument with a diameter of about 5mm, which is used for the diagnosis and treatment of joint diseases. The instrument from the application of arthroscopy in 1970, a thin end is provided with a lens, the tube is inserted inside the joint, the joint internal structure will be displayed on the monitor. Therefore, the structure of the joint can be observed directly.
Arthroscopic surgery through skin incision of a number of "chopsticks" size or smaller holes (5 to 10 mm), the camera, surgical instruments and joints, on the display monitor, the doctor operation, diagnosis and treatment of various joint diseases.
Advantages of arthroscopic surgery? Arthroscopic surgery has the following advantages compared with open surgery:
(1) small incision infection, minimal scar formation.
(2) the operation is small, the operation is safe, and the operation can be repeated.
(3) arthroscopic surgery can be used to treat a variety of diseases, such as knee joint surgery can be performed at the same time joint debridement, synovial wall resection, etc..
(4) the indication is wide, and it is suitable for all kinds of pathological changes in the joint. Contraindications, such as poor physical condition can not routine surgery, but not necessarily the taboo of arthroscopic surgery.
Arthroscopic surgery for the treatment of intra articular inflammation can be various. Such as osteoarthritis, synovitis, traumatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis arthritis, septic arthritis, osteochondritis dissecans, and synovial chondromatosis; chondromalacia patella; osteophyte (spur), free body and synovial plica, joint disorder, meniscus injury, adhesion of the joint capsule, various intra-articular fracture, the joint adhesion and joint activities is limited, various joint pain of unknown cause.