Department of infectious diseases, public health clinical center, Fudan University (MD)Recently, many parents take their children to the hos
Department of infectious diseases, public health clinical center, Fudan University (MD)
Recently, many parents take their children to the hospital. These children are fever onset, and later appeared in the hands and feet of a number of small blisters, some children also have herpes in the mouth, was diagnosed with hand, foot and mouth disease. Hand foot mouth disease epidemic season, many parents do not understand hand foot and mouth disease, it is a brief introduction to the knowledge of hand foot and mouth disease.
Hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease caused by a variety of enteric viruses, which can be found in all ages. It is more common in preschool children, especially in the age group under the age of 3. All the year round, can be seen in summer and autumn. During the epidemic period, the incidence of collective infection and family aggregation can occur in kindergartens and nurseries. Hand foot and mouth disease during the epidemic, children and people with the virus are the source of infection, mainly through the digestive tract, respiratory tract and close contact and other means of transmission.
The majority of children with mild symptoms, mainly fever, hand, foot, mouth and other parts of herpes, grain size, obvious pain. Herpes less in the trunk and face, generally 7 days or so will subside, will not cause scar. Some patients may be accompanied by cough, runny nose, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, headache and other symptoms. A small number of cases of meningitis, encephalitis, encephalomyelitis, pulmonary edema, circulatory disorders, etc., caused by EV71 infection, the main cause of death for brainstem encephalitis and neurogenic pulmonary edema.
Hand, foot and mouth disease in children is a milder disease, the majority of children with good prognosis, parents do not worry too much. But if there is nervous system involvement, such as: poor spirit, drowsiness, headache, vomiting, irritable, limb shaking, convulsion, with neck stiffness, whether the development should be alert for heavy, promptly sent to hospital for treatment.
Children do individuals, families and nurseries in health is key to preventing this disease infection. After then, go out after meals to use liquid soap to the children wash their hands, do not let children drink water, eat cold food; feces caregivers with children before and after wash hands, and properly handle the dirt; public places during the epidemic period do not bring children into the crowd, poor air circulation of the disease; regular ventilation room ground drying clothing, children; related symptoms should be promptly to the hospital.