Gynecological clinic often receive some female friends, found in the cervical cancer screening of cervical HPV positive, they worry about th
Gynecological clinic often receive some female friends, found in the cervical cancer screening of cervical HPV positive, they worry about their suffering from cervical cancer, Chafanbusi, anxious, repeatedly asked the treatment, even over treatment. In fact, there is a correlation between cervical cancer and HPV, women suffering from cervical cancer is the cervix is the human papilloma virus (HPV) infection, but not all HPV infected women are suffering from cervical cancer, can not be equated between the two!
HPV is the name of "human papilloma virus", is a kind of epithelial double loop DNA virus, in human and animal body can be widely distributed. The HPV virus has been confirmed about one hundred kinds, according to the site of infection, divided into skin type HPV and genital tract epithelial HPV, about 40 kinds of HPV can infect male or female genital tract, and there are about 20 kinds of tumor, HPV virus is more likely to survive in a warm and humid environment, so male and female genitalia is the most vulnerable parts. Genital tract HPV is mainly divided into two categories: can cause condyloma low-risk HPV and carcinogenic high-risk HPV.
HPV16 and type 18 belong to high risk HPV, and long-term infection may be related to the occurrence of cervical cancer in women. In daily life, all the women who have sexual life, it is possible through sexual contact, HPV will be brought to their reproductive tract. 60%-70% women have been infected with HPV during their lifetime, but the infection is usually transient. That is, in 1 years -2 years, the virus will disappear naturally. Most women's immune system can destroy the HPV that goes into the body. Only 5-10% weak immune function of women, can not destroy the HPV into the body, only 2-3% of HPV infection continues to develop into cervical cancer. HPV infection continues to develop into cervical cancer, the process takes about 8 to 12 years.
Clinical findings in patients with cervical cancer, almost all women over the age of 30. Therefore, women with sexual life can begin to check HPV-DNA after the age of 30. The results were negative, indicating that there was no risk of cervical cancer for a long time without being infected with HPV. Therefore, it is possible to make this inspection every 3 years. Test results are positive, it will not necessarily develop into cervical cancer, because the body's immune system is likely to eliminate the virus, but there is the possibility of the development of cervical cancer. So, first of all, we should do a cervical liquid based cytology (TCT), to see if there is no abnormal cervical cells. If not, should be an annual review of the two examination, colposcopy if necessary. Once found abnormal treatment immediately, so you can eliminate cervical cancer in the bud. Because HPV infection has a strong universality and self limiting, even if infected with HPV, there is nothing to be afraid of. Usually the body itself can be gradually cleared, HPV infection natural clearance rate of 92%. A women only need to check the immunity of annual gynecological cancer screening, can completely avoid the occurrence of cervical cancer. Therefore, HPV positive patients need not worry too much, do not need frequent review of HPV, general 6-12 months can be reviewed.
HPV does not have a specific drug treatment, in fact, there is no treatment for the virus, interferon, etc. are to improve immunity rather than directly to the virus.
In short, infected with HPV should not only be afraid of attention. Development of HPV infection to cancer requires a few years or more years, so as long as women have a sense of self health, regular inspection, the vast majority can be prevented. By strengthening the knowledge of cervical cancer, regular gynecological examination, census TCT, with high-risk HPV detection and colposcopy, can achieve the purpose of prevention and early detection of cervical cancer.