Digestive tract disease is one of the most important diseases affecting human health. According to epidemiological survey: digestive tract d
Digestive tract disease is one of the most important diseases affecting human health. According to epidemiological survey: digestive tract disease accounted for the first. The most common diseases of the digestive tract are inflammation, ulcers, and tumors, and inflammation, ulcers, and cancer are causally related. According to the data at home and abroad, the results showed that the gastrointestinal tract malignant tumors accounted for third, and there was a trend of younger, the incidence of gastric cancer in young patients and the incidence of colorectal cancer increased year by year. Fifty or sixty years ago, some countries, such as USA, Japan, Norway, in Finland and other digestive tract cancer rate is very high, due to the popularity of gastrointestinal endoscopy, 40% ~ 70% of early gastrointestinal tumors in the gastrointestinal endoscopic resection can be cured, the patients with gastrointestinal tumor mortality by more than half.
Gastrointestinal endoscopy, clinical gold standard
Gastrointestinal endoscopy is the best way to diagnose digestive tract disease, the clinical gold standard, medical experts call it the digestive tract protection god. Endoscopic doctor has a pair of "trained eye", can through the observation of gastrointestinal endoscopy of gastrointestinal do glance, keen to find small lesions, about 5mm in gastric mucosa such as small, small, small uplift depression "a" like change, small color change, sometimes also can be a simple gastrointestinal mucosa staining to detect abnormal gastrointestinal mucosa staining, after biopsy, to determine the nature of the lesions, clinical, can be removed under the microscope, without laparotomy.
Endoscopic resection of colonic tumor
What kind of people need to do regular gastrointestinal endoscopy?
Who should be alert to the occurrence of gastric cancer, take the initiative to do gastrointestinal examination? At present, the more common understanding is: any of the following categories of people with one, it is recommended to do a colonoscopy as soon as possible every year:
1 over the age of 40.
2 of patients with gastric cancer or other cancers of the digestive tract.
3 original heartburn symptoms, now suddenly disappeared.
4 if there is difficulty in swallowing, swallowing after chest pain, abdominal pain, bloating, belching, acid regurgitation, hunger, gastrointestinal adverse, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea or vomiting (2 weeks), bowel problems or mass. Patients who have the above symptoms should pay attention to whether there is a problem with the digestive tract.
5 at the age of 30 years old, there is blood in the stool, stool is not of lower digestive tract symptoms.
6 unexplained vomiting blood coffee or tarry stool, weight loss.
7 Helicobacter pylori infection.
8 with pelvic radiation therapy and cholecystectomy.
9 had a history of stomach diseases, especially chronic gastrointestinal ulcers, polyps, atrophic gastritis.
10 born in the high incidence of gastric cancer, or had lived in the high incidence area.
11 I have had other tumors.