2016-07-04 source: most people don't pay much attention to medical Naomaitong share their gallbladder, until it began to cause problems. How
2016-07-04 source: most people don't pay much attention to medical Naomaitong share their gallbladder, until it began to cause problems. However, when the gallbladder problems, it may be very painful, the need to take immediate measures. This article is about the role of gallbladder, symptoms of gallbladder problems, treatment options, and long-term prospects. According to an article on the MNT related content, medical Naomaitong as follows:
The gallbladder is a 4 inch long pear shaped organ that can be found in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen. It stores bile produced by the liver. The liver sends bile to the gall bladder through the liver.
After eating, the intestinal cells produce a hormone called cholecystokinin. This hormone causes the gallbladder to contract and release the bile into the common bile duct.
In healthy gallbladder, the process is painless. However, when the gallbladder stops working or the bile duct is blocked, it can cause a lot of pain and discomfort.
Common gallbladder diseases
Gallstones are cholesterol and pigment solid masses of varying sizes. Gallstones occur because of excess fat and bile. These crystals may accumulate and form stones over time.
Stones can be as small as a grain of sand, or as large as a golf ball. They may or may not cause symptoms.
Bile may not leave the gallbladder during acute or sudden cholecystitis. This usually occurs in the gallbladder stones that block the bile from entering and entering the bile duct.
When the pipe is blocked, the bile builds up. Excess bile stimulates gall bladder, causing swelling and infection.
Gallbladder dysfunction or chronic gallbladder disease
Recurrent cholelithiasis or cholecystitis may permanently damage the gallbladder. This may lead to the emergence of a stiff, scarred gallbladder.
In this case, symptoms appear less often but difficult to identify. Including bloating, indigestion and diarrhea.
Symptoms of gallbladder problems
In the abdomen or right upper abdominal pain. Most of the time, the nature of gallbladder pain is pain, which means it repeatedly. However, gallbladder problems range from mild and irregular pain to severe and frequent pain. Gallbladder pain often causes chest pain and back pain.
The nausea or vomiting. Any gallbladder problems can cause nausea or vomiting. Long term gallbladder diseases and disorders can lead to long-term digestive problems that cause recurrent nausea.
I have a fever. Have a fever or chills signal infection. In addition to other symptoms, have a fever and chills may point to gallbladder problems or infection.
The change of intestinal activity. Gallbladder problems often lead to changes in bowel habits. Frequent, unexplained diarrhea may be a signal of long-term gallbladder disease. Light colored or white pottery or stool and bile duct problems related to possible.
The change of urine. Patients with gallbladder problems may notice that the urine is more than normal. Urinary obstruction of bile duct.
The jaundice. When the bile can not enter the intestinal tract, causing skin yellow stain. This is usually due to liver problems or blockage of bile duct caused by gallstones.
When to seek medical treatment
Anyone with gallbladder symptoms should seek medical attention. Mild, intermittent, self vanishing pain does not require immediate treatment. Patients with this type of pain should check with their doctor for further examination.
If you have the following or more serious symptoms, should seek medical treatment:
The right upper quadrant pain 5 hours did not disappear.
The fever, nausea or vomiting.
The intestinal activity and urine color change.
These symptoms may indicate severe infection or inflammation and require immediate treatment.
Diagnosis of gallbladder problems
If you suspect gallbladder problems, you may need to follow the following:
The gallbladder imaging test. Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scans are commonly used to create gallbladder images. These images were then observed to examine gallstones.
The test examination of bile duct. Do these tests use a dye to show if there is a bile duct obstruction caused by gallstones. The examination of bile duct stones includes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), two amino acid (HIDA) scan and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).
The blood test. Doctors can use blood tests to reveal signs of infection, bile duct inflammation, pancreatitis, or other complications of gallstones.
Treatment of gallbladder problems
Doctors can easily treat gallstones and cholecystitis. No symptoms of gallstones do not require immediate treatment, in addition to the potential gallbladder problems. However, gallbladder stones that cause gallbladder symptoms or infections require treatment.
Treatment options include surgical removal of the gallbladder, drug lithotripsy and antibiotic treatment.
Cholecystectomy is one of the most common procedures, according to University of California in San Francisco (UCSF). There are two types of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open surgery.
Prevention of gallbladder problems
Although the gallbladder problem cannot be completely prevented, patients can take steps to reduce the risk of gallstones or other infections.
The National Institute of diabetes, digestive and kidney diseases (NIDDK) states that the risk of gallstones increases in the following population:
No older than 40 years old
I have a family history of gallstone
Patients with increased risk of gallbladder stones. The following should be avoided:
You lose weight fast
The high calorie and low fiber diet
The weight increase
Gallbladder problems are usually easy to solve. Removal of the gallbladder or treatment of infection is unlikely to have long-term complications. Those who don't have a gall bladder can live a normal, healthy life after recovery.
From Know the Signs medical Naomaitong series and Symptoms of Gallbladder Problems, MNT, Mon 27 June 2016