Navigation:Home > Functional Neurosurgery > Infantile Cerebral Palsy > According to individual differences in children with cerebral palsy to develop appropriate rehabilitation programs and objectives
Cerebral palsy refers to the brain is not yet mature in the stage of damage and damage, causing non progressive motor dysfunction and abnorm
Cerebral palsy refers to the brain is not yet mature in the stage of damage and damage, causing non progressive motor dysfunction and abnormal posture as the main clinical manifestation of a syndrome, the motor dysfunction and abnormal posture are permanent.
If parents find that children develop backward movement, abnormal posture, it should be as soon as possible to the regular hospital consultation and diagnosis. Parents should be careful from pregnancy, childbirth, birth to the present situation, carefully introduced to doctors, therapists. At the same time, we must take care of their own views to the doctor.
Because in the development of children with cerebral palsy, age and different age, different symptoms, it should be the normal children and children with developmental degree were compared with abnormal posture and movement situation, formulate appropriate rehabilitation goals, use the tactics of training.
Early infant training: after 3 ~ 4 months or 6 ~ 9 months ago, in order to promote normal development, at the same time by Boyta (Vaclov Vojta) method, and Bobasi (Bobath) method.
Infants and young children's training: cerebral palsy symptoms revealed, but the contracture and deformation has not yet formed, for the critical period of treatment, in addition to the above treatment, but also in the daily life movement care, pay attention to prevention and treatment of deformity.
After a period of training children: the main function of training, because the symptoms of cerebral palsy almost fixed, and shrinkage has been generated, dysfunction has also been clear, to continue a motor function training, with a harness, boots, rod, chair, wheelchair for intervention. Heavy duty with orthopedic surgery.
Older children training: to improve the function of each child, education, social, vocational training and other areas of adaptation, as well as means of transport, living conditions, etc..
It needs to be reminded that physical therapy (commonly referred to as physical therapy) is commonly used in the treatment of cerebral palsy, including hydrotherapy, thermotherapy, and nerve stimulation.
Mechanical training: under weightlessness by automatic control and a variety of reinforcement and the normal range of stimulation into the human body to continuously improve the patient's posture abnormalities and movement disorders, 70% effective.
Electrical stimulation therapy: refers to the application of low frequency pulse if frequency below 1000Hz or 1001-100 000Hz application frequency pulse current treatment, including induction therapy, electric stimulation therapy, electric therapy, electrical stimulation therapy, super percutaneous stimulation therapy, anti spasm, electrical stimulation, interference electrotherapy, audio frequency electrotherapy and modulated medium frequency electrotherapy.
Biofeedback therapy: application of electronic instruments, the people are not aware of the normal function of the body (such as EMG, skin temperature, heart rate and blood pressure) changes into the signal by the body feel, such as visual or auditory display, let patients according to these signals, to inhibit its function of involuntary treatment or training methods.
The role of hydrotherapy: hydrotherapy plays an important role in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy. Spa room temperature should generally be maintained at 20-25 degrees Celsius, the water temperature is maintained at 27-30 degrees celsius. Most children love playing with water, the water temperature and the water stimulation collision mechanical stimulation is conducive to alleviate the situation of children with systemic spasm, the abnormal muscle tension was improved, so as to facilitate children to complete a variety of correct posture and movement in the water. In addition, due to the buoyancy of the water, reduce the burden of children, so that children can easily overcome the impact of gravity, the development of self-control, normal exercise.
Emphasize that physical therapy in children with cerebral palsy, need not only in under the guidance of a professional therapist can obtain satisfactory results, but also need special treatment and physiotherapy equipment and other places can also catch; early treatment, especially in the neonatal period, is still not mature, is still in rapid growth stage, and also in the early stage of brain injury, abnormal posture and movement is not fixed, so this period of brain plasticity, the compensatory ability of high, strong recovery ability.
Although children with cerebral palsy has long been known as an incurable disease, along with the development of rehabilitation medicine, there are a lot of children with cerebral palsy has entered normalization. The key to the rehabilitation of cerebral palsy is early diagnosis and early treatment. Vojta believes that 2 weeks after birth can be diagnosed, made a diagnosis of 6 months ago, to provide a favorable opportunity for future treatment.