Classification of epilepsy

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Classification of epilepsyAccording to the type of seizure, it can be divided into partial seizures and generalized seizuresThe symptoms of

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Classification of epilepsy

According to the type of seizure, it can be divided into partial seizures and generalized seizures

The symptoms of partial seizures involve a part of the body, which can be accompanied or not accompanied by a disturbance of consciousness;

The symptoms of generalized seizures involve the whole body.

The two can also exist in a patient's body, partial seizures can also be transformed into a comprehensive attack, known as secondary generalized seizures.

Epilepsy and epilepsy syndrome in children

High incidence of epilepsy in neonates, infants, children and adolescents. This time the brain is relatively fragile, vulnerable to birth injury, brain inflammation and the occurrence of a variety of epilepsy, and this time is the critical period of brain development, brain abnormalities or dysfunction caused by epilepsy is the most common at this age.

Children with epilepsy showed two extremes, or is a very good prognosis, such as absence seizures in children, is due to the development of brain transient brain dysfunction caused by the onset of symptoms is relatively light, only God, the effect of drug treatment is very good, most can be cured. While other types are very difficult, often due to birth injury, congenital brain structural abnormalities, most of the symptoms are very heavy and very complex, often accompanied by abnormal intelligence, poor efficacy of drugs, is unlikely to cure.

The type of epilepsy with the patient's age, gender, EEG characteristics, causes and other factors constitute the characteristics of epilepsy, is a variety of epilepsy syndrome. For example, recurrent absence epilepsy in childhood absence epilepsy syndrome especially in childhood, the EEG was 3 weeks a second spike and slow wave complex repeatedly issued continuously, the prognosis is good. Infantile spasms, especially in newborn infants or infants with recurrent seizures of the head and limbs of the centripetal spasm, EEG showed a peak loss of law, often by birth injury or congenital brain dysplasia, resulting in poor prognosis. The origin of syndrome refers to temporal lobe epilepsy in temporal lobe epilepsy, the characteristic as tens of seconds to a few minutes with God, mouth or hand gestures can be followed by the seizure occurred twitching limbs, all ages, the medicine start effective, but easy to relapse and drug resistance surgical treatment, often need to.

What is intractable epilepsy

Standardized drug treatment for more than 2 years, or the correct drug treatment program adjusted for more than 3 times, still can not control the seizures of epilepsy, known as drug refractory epilepsy, commonly known as intractable epilepsy.

When patients have had more than 2 kinds of antiepileptic drugs, even while taking two to three kinds of antiepileptic drugs, still in repeated attacks, the attack is not less than before treatment, and even more. A severe attack of more than ten times a year. And because of repeated attacks, can not read and go to work, and even the gradual decline in intelligence, personality becomes strange strange temper. Such patients not only do not have the social function, even to feed themselves are difficult to become a burden on the family, society.

 

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