The first two articles I have introduced what is osteoporosis and what kind of people are susceptible to the disease. This time I want to ta
The first two articles I have introduced what is osteoporosis and what kind of people are susceptible to the disease. This time I want to talk about the old people fall, there is literature statistics every year 30%65 years of age or older, of which 50% were 80 years of age or older have experienced a fall event, osteoporosis of the elderly is more afraid of falling, because it can directly lead to some serious fractures, such as hip fracture. As the saying goes: after one hundred days of injury animal bone, think about eating and sleeping in bed for one hundred days is what it feels like, not to mention all the pain, in addition to the family a lot of trouble. In front of the bed I often hear children complain that the elderly: call you slowly slowly, don't fall down, is not obedient, look at the fracture. But the fact is not entirely true, sometimes not attention is certainly not wrestling, wrestling is not decided by oneself sometimes, some elderly people left to right foot fall, once met an old man, when the elevator door opened, a foot out of the door, the door closed when the other foot is mixed, sit on the ground, femoral neck fracture, lying in bed for three months, never walk alone. A study of 30 patients who had fallen in the hospital found that the fall was mainly due to fainting and weakness of the lower limbs. Faint (14 cases), lower limb fatigue (in 13 cases) (respectively, 46.67%, 43.33%), followed by slipping in 2 cases (accounting for 6.67%), tripping in the case of patients (accounting for 3.33%). So there are many reasons for the elderly wrestling, only to pay attention to these reasons to avoid wrestling.
One reason: the relationship between age, because of the obvious change of body functional age: central nervous system control ability, vestibular sensory ability, resulting in the elderly increased reaction time, disequilibrium, increase the risk of falls, research shows that there is relationship between the balance ability of elderly patients with falls.
Two reasons: due to illness taking some drugs, the elderly because the kidney is not good, some drugs discharge slowly, easily gathered in the body, for example, many people have hypertension, diabetes, insomnia, long-term use of antihypertensive drugs, antidiabetic drugs, sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, antidepressant medication, except possible hypoglycemia, hypotension and other side effects, and side effects of drugs also easily lead to a decline in the balance ability of elderly patients with unstable gait, visual impairment, slow reaction and lead to a fall.
Three reasons: because the elderly have musculoskeletal function decline, lower limb muscle strength decreased, resulting in muscle and joint function, movement function decline, so the elderly due to instability of gait, lower extremity weakness fall accounted for a larger proportion of the number of falls.
Four reasons: social and psychological factors associated with the fall, some elderly people are afraid to fall, especially once fell on the elderly will be more afraid to fall, walk more carefully, can not go as far as possible not to go, but lost the chance to exercise, decreased muscle strength and coordination ability if things go on like this, increase the risk of falls.
Five reasons: the various risk factors of some elderly people are feisty and stubborn and strong independence is often ignored in fall, and lack of drug knowledge old people often overestimate their ability to act because the resulting fall.
Six reasons: in terms of environmental factors, the elderly tend to slip and stumble, reminding us of the safety environment settings should be given attention to reduce the risk of falls in older people.
Here we focus on the elderly muscle problems, it has a great relationship with vitamin A, found that this vitamin can reduce the elderly wrestling, increase muscle strength and muscle coordination, this vitamin is vitamin D. Some people will say: only that children and pregnant women need to supplement vitamin D, do not know the elderly also need to add, yes, now found that vitamin D can not only promote intestinal absorption of calcium, osteoporosis, and many other functions, such as it can increase muscle strength and muscle coordination ability, vitamin D supplementation significantly to reduce the risk of falling, and the ability of the elderly skin form of vitamin D is equivalent to 75% of the young people, the need for oral vitamin D, the vitamin D needs activation in the liver and kidney, into active vitamin D can play a role, and the elderly are often reduced kidney function required direct supplementation of active vitamin D. So we walk strong, though not fit, but also can do not teeter.
In short, the elderly is wrestling for many reasons combined results together, not only attributed to the elderly will not pay attention to the thought of wrestling, wrestling is not their subjective behavior, but there are many objective factors, such as environmental factors, decreased muscle strength, walking is not harmonious, take some drugs cause wrestling. So how to prevent wrestling? Such as indoor lighting facilities use soft light, the best night lights, and a power switch accessible; indoor furnishings should be convenient for the elderly to use, easy to take, not limited to; the ground should be smooth, as far as possible the use of wooden floor materials, smooth ground outdoor and indoor, should keep dry; wear suitable clothing, bath the seat can be used to prevent slipping, to minimize the possibility of falling. Vitamin D; balance of exercise, gait and strength training, pay attention to outdoor sports, maintain an optimistic attitude, reduce the fear of falling, improve the quality of life.