2009 01, 21 people's networkAt present, China's annual number of new HIV infections (HIV) up to 50 thousand people in these new infections,
2009 01, 21 people's network
At present, China's annual number of new HIV infections (HIV) up to 50 thousand people in these new infections, and 91% of those who do not know they have been infected. If coupled with the previous infection has not been detected, the number of people, there will be a greater number of infected people in the crowd, AIDS prevention situation is not optimistic.
AIDS prevention is an important reason why the situation is grim, sexual transmission has become the main route of HIV transmission now accounted for nearly 57% of the proportion of new infections, including the spread of prostitution spread between husband and wife, acquaintances and colleagues spread of sexual relations. Among them, the relationship between colleagues familiar with the human nature of the growing concern, because the population base is large, but also more subtle." Chinese Center for Disease Control and prevention, said Wu Zunyou, director of STD and AIDS prevention and control center. In the sexual transmission, men's behavior (MSM, including homosexuality) is particularly dangerous.
One is that awareness is not strong, the infection rate increased, on the other hand, talk about AI pale, so that a large number of infected persons in the "underground" status, lack of timely treatment. In this regard, China professor Zhang Fujie center of disease prevention and control of STD and AIDS prevention center, the implementation of China's AIDS free anti retroviral therapy from 2003, to save the lives of a large number of patients, the mortality rate declined significantly, but the treatment failure and death is still very serious. The reasons for the failure of treatment, one can not adhere to the standard treatment; two is a lot of patients undergoing treatment when the disease has advanced, so that the treatment effect is not good.
Antiviral therapy can inhibit viral replication, recovery and partial recovery of impaired immune function. Many patients are not required, on time, according to take medicine, resulting in HIV virus mutation resistance and treatment failure. In addition, if the patient has been treated for the disease has developed to the late, long-term efficacy is worse than the early treatment of patients, and because of the patient's immune system is very low, but also the most prone to infection. After treatment, the patient's death, mainly due to AIDS related diseases, such as infection and cancer.
Zhang Fujie stressed that the key to successful treatment of AIDS patients, high-risk groups: one is the regular screening test is positive after regular follow up once they meet the conditions should be timely treatment, do not take medicine for treatment of such regarded as hopeless., late, poor curative effect; two antiviral therapy is lifelong, patients must adhere to medication at the same time keep compliance, good timing and quantitative, lifelong medication, when the patient feel back, do not think you well, okay, no medication, and even stop taking the medication. Research suggests that AIDS patients if the early standardized treatment, it is possible to achieve the average life expectancy of the whole society.