How to maintain the health of teeth to prevent periodontal disease

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Periodontal disease in the fierce tiger, is now the main cause of tooth loss is periodontal disease, the main reason is that people do not a


Periodontal disease in the fierce tiger, is now the main cause of tooth loss is periodontal disease, the main reason is that people do not attach importance to the maintenance of periodontal health.

Periodontal disease is a global disease, regardless of geographical, national, racial, gender, age, is the first cause of adult tooth loss. Epidemiological survey in China in 2005 showed that 68% to more than 77% of the population suffering from varying degrees of periodontal disease, the elderly population in the total population of 10.5% teeth. In western countries, the saying goes: "everyone may suffer from periodontal disease at some point in their lives." Periodontal disease is common.

A. do you have periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is a chronic infectious disease that occurs in the tissues around the teeth (gingival, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament). It can be divided into two categories: gum disease and periodontal disease. The most common is the gum disease gingivitis, gingival lesions only (GUM), better treatment effect in general; periodontitis has complex reasons. Inflammation from the gums to the deep tissue development, destruction of the support of the root of the alveolar bone, periodontal membrane, etc., the performance of gingival swelling, the formation of periodontal pockets, teeth gradually loosening, until the final pull out or fall off. Periodontitis is slow progress, destruction of hidden diseases, no obvious symptoms of early pain, patients often do not know. The following is the common symptoms and symptoms of periodontal disease, you can carry out self-examination, if you find one or a few of them, you should go to a regular dental clinic

Or the hospital please oral examination and confirmed.

Before scaling after scaling

1, gingival redness, swelling (gingivitis or periodontitis, normal gums should be pink, dense, close to the surface of teeth).

2, brush your teeth or bite when bleeding gums (gingivitis or periodontitis, healthy gums bleed not in touch).

3, the gradual loosening of teeth, chewing weakness (periodontitis, wrapped around the root of the alveolar bone support, so that the teeth lose support).

4, anterior teeth appear enlarged teeth (periodontitis, because of inflammation and bone resorption to tooth displacement).

5, gingival recession, root exposure, teeth sensitive to heat and cold (Ya Zhouyan).

6, bad breath (gingivitis or periodontitis. Inflammation of the gums causing sulfide.

7, gingival swelling, pain (deep periodontal pocket, can cause acute swelling).

Why does B. get periodontal disease?

Since ancient times, people have recognized the importance of removing dirt from the surface of teeth to keep teeth healthy. The 1965 Norway scholar Loe artificial gingivitis report, eloquent proof of accumulation on the surface of teeth in dental plaque microorganisms is arch-criminal cause gingivitis "". 12 healthy gums dental students volunteered to participate in the test, stop brushing and all oral hygiene measures, with a plaque on the teeth gradually increased, all subjects without exception, in 10 ~ 21 days all the gingivitis, gingival swelling and bleeding. After a week of brushing their teeth, the inflammation subsided and the gums returned to health. The clinical facts also show that some factors can promote the accumulation of dental plaque in the mouth, such as teeth are not neat, the filling body is not closed with the teeth, the toothbrush can be easily cleaned of anatomical parts caused by gingivitis. Not by gargling or flushing and plaque removal, must use a toothbrush or other apparatus to remove it. If not promptly remove plaque, calcified plaque formation may also, at this time, only by brushing cleared can not, must use ultrasonic scaling to remove dental calculus.

C. periodontal disease can be cured?

Some people think that is not what a good way to periodontal disease, only the teeth gradually fell to a. In fact, periodontal disease can be treated and achieved certain results. Periodontal disease is an infectious disease, the principle of treatment is to clear the cause of infection, inflammation can be controlled. Due to the cause of gingivitis is relatively simple, lesion range limitation, after regular treatment, removal of plaque and calculus, gingival inflammation subsided quickly, can return to normal and cure. Periodontitis is caused by the formation of deep periodontal pockets due to the separation of the gingiva and alveolar bone resorption. After the removal of plaque and calculus, periodontal inflammation can be controlled, the bag can be shallow, bone resorption can be stopped, but has not easily damaged tissue regeneration and re attached to the root. In this sense, periodontitis can be controlled, can stop the progress of the disease, the gingival tissues become healthy (no swelling, bleeding, pus). But can not say "cure" but just return to "health" state. More importantly, due to the formation of dental plaque, if not careful maintenance after treatment (self maintenance and periodic review), it still may be recurrent periodontitis gingivitis, which come to naught.

D. periodontal disease treatment is not once and for all? Why should regularly visit?

Periodontal basic treatment is effective for most patients with periodontitis. After 1 ~ 2 weeks, gingivitis significantly subsided, reduce or stop bleeding, patients feel comfortable and relaxed in the mouth, chewing function was improved. At this time many patients will be accomplished that treatment has no need to go to the hospital. In fact, this time only for the rehabilitation of periodontal tissue laid the foundation, follow-up review and treatment must keep up with, in order to obtain the best results, to maintain long-term efficacy. The reasons are as follows.

(1) plaque is constantly forming, after a thorough cleaning, the number of hours and there will be new bacterial adhesion to the tooth surface, and thickening, which also enhanced virulence of bacteria. Plaque calculus periodontal pocket was removed as much as possible, but the residual microorganisms will multiply, breeding, without the intervention, about 6 to 8 weeks of anti bacteria can be jumped to the level before treatment, leading to recurrence of inflammation, fibrosis. Therefore, it is very important to continue to carefully control the plaque after the treatment. The control of the plaque can not blindly rely on the doctor, should be the patient's daily homework, every day to clear the plaque does not allow it to accumulate, is the key to prevent recurrence.

(2) the basic treatment can get better curative effect for most people. But for some of the more serious teeth, may require further complex treatment. Need to review 2 to 3 months after the basic treatment, the development of appropriate treatment options.

Periodontitis is a chronic disease with a long course of disease. It is the same as other chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes and so on. With the change of local and systemic conditions, periodontal disease will fluctuate. As long as the regular review, even if the condition is more serious, but also can be found and dealt with in time, so that the condition is stable, long-term teeth.

Therefore, the treatment of periodontal disease is not once and for all, on the one hand, rely on the patient's self maintenance, on the other hand, also regularly to the hospital review and maintenance to ensure long-term efficacy.

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