Oral health is one of the ten standards of human health identified by WHO (WHO), which is a mirror of human health and quality of life. WHO
Oral health is one of the ten standards of human health identified by WHO (WHO), which is a mirror of human health and quality of life. WHO will be defined as the main features of oral health teeth clean, no caries, no pain, gingival color is normal, no bleeding, etc..
Mainly has the following problems: oral disease, periodontal disease, dental caries, irregular dentition, tooth loss, tooth sensitivity, these oral diseases not only have a serious impact on oral health, will also have an impact on general health, make people's life quality is not high. According to the present study, oral diseases are associated with at least the following aspects and general health:
1, heart disease
The pathogenic bacteria of oral diseases and the toxin produced by them can invade the blood, and can produce the related antibodies, lectins and so on. A large number of studies have confirmed that periodontitis is an independent risk factor for acute coronary heart disease, and is associated with acute or total mortality.
2, cerebrovascular disease
And periodontitis induced myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease, periodontitis also can cause ischemic stroke. A stroke, coronary heart disease and periodontitis risk factors of myocardial infarction. Studies have shown that periodontitis as a risk factor for stroke is greater than smoking, and independent of other known risk factors.
3, respiratory diseases
The relationship between oral diseases and aspiration pneumonia due to various reasons. According to statistics, 80% of the cause of pneumonia is the inhalation of the mouth, pharynx containing bacterial secretions, and most of these secretions from the mouth.
4, gastrointestinal disease
Food is absorbed by mechanical and chemical digestion. The first is through mechanical digestion in the mouth and chew to chew food and saliva mixed after chemical digestion, then swallowed into the stomach, absorbed by gastric and intestinal digestion. Oral health is not good, some pathogenic bacteria in the stomach will breed. The research proved that gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori, and also detected the bacteria in the dental plaque oral cleaning, drug easy removal of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach, and Helicobacter pylori in dental plaque bacteria become difficult to remove, library.
A large number of studies have shown that there is a common risk factor for diabetes and periodontal disease, periodontitis and diabetes have a two-way relationship, and each other is a high-risk factor. Studies have shown that patients with diabetes often complicated with varying degrees of oral lesions in the diabetic population, the incidence of periodontal disease is high, severe lesions and more rapid progress. At the same time, glycemic control in patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (DM) with severe periodontitis was significantly worse than that of patients without periodontal disease.
6, the impact of maternal and fetal
Recent studies have shown that periodontal disease is one of the risk factors for low birth weight infants. The risk of preterm birth and low birth weight infants was 7.5 times higher than that of normal pregnant women.
7, diseases and arthritis, kidney disease, eye disease
Without timely treatment of dental infection, lesion formation in the root, can induce arthritis, nephritis, ophthalmopathy, is the medical profession with medical knowledge, therefore can not be ignored because of illness he missed dental disease.
8, the impact of growth and development
Reduced masticatory function, resulting in partial eclipse and loss of appetite, leading to gastrointestinal absorption weakened, malnutrition, affected the growth and development.