Cardiovascular disease is harmful to human health the first killer, is referred to as the cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease is harmful to human health the first killer, is referred to as the cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular disease, refers to as known as hyperlipidemia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, blood viscosity caused by heart, brain and body tissue ischemic or hemorrhagic disease. Cardiovascular disease occurs in the heart of the disease known as cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, etc.. In cerebral artery disease known as cerebrovascular disease, mainly cerebral haemorrhage, cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, etc.. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is worrying young. Due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease with high incidence, high mortality and high recurrence rate, more complications "of the" four high one ", the best way is to nip in the bud.
Aging, hardening of blood vessels is the main cause of these diseases, to prevent these diseases, should start from the details of life, reduce vascular recession, maintain blood transit smoothly, can effectively prevent the incidence of cardiovascular diseases.
1, the first to limit the total heat: should eat more roughage, with complex carbohydrate and cellulose content increased. The intake of fat should be limited to 30% of the total amount of heat, mainly to plant fat, appropriate to eat lean meat, poultry, fish. Cholesterol intake should be less than 300 mg per day, an egg in the cholesterol close to 300 mg, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular patients had better eat half an egg a day or every two days an egg. In addition, the intake of animal offal also limited, because the animal offal is high cholesterol foods, especially the brain, brain cholesterol hectogram content in 3000 mg or more. Every day from the pasta intake of protein should account for half of the amount of human needs, the rest of the protein can be obtained from milk, yogurt, fish and soy products, cardiovascular patients daily intake of protein per kilogram of weight less than 1 grams is appropriate. The WHO advises us to a daily intake of 6 grams of salt, residents of China's current average salt intake of 10 grams or more, and for cardiovascular patients, daily intake of salt should strictly control below 5 grams. In particular, autumn and winter seasons, sweating less, the corresponding reduction in the amount of activity, the salt intake should be strictly controlled. The appropriate intake has a natural anticoagulant effect of food, such as garlic, onions, shallots, chrysanthemum, letinous edodes, asparagus, tomatoes, red grapes, oranges, spirulina, parsley, carrots, hawthorn, seaweed, kelp, black fungus, etc..
2, change the bad habits of life: obesity, lipid metabolic disorders are risk factors of the disease, so the diet at the same time, attention should be paid to quit alcohol limit, because smoking and alcohol can interfere with lipid metabolism, elevated blood lipids. Avoid emotional stress, insomnia, excessive fatigue, irregular life, anxiety, depression, these factors can cause lipid metabolism disorders. The elderly do not long playing mahjong, chess, keep in a calm mood, less angry. Strengthen sports, exercise 1 hours a day, when the heart rate to no more than 170 times per minute and age difference, or in the micro body sweat, no fatigue after exercise, self body easily prevail, adhere to the weekly activities of not less than 5 days, persevere. Active treatment of diseases affecting the metabolism of lipids, such as diabetes, hypertension, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, alcoholism, pancreatitis, etc., to prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
3, regular physical examination: regular physical examination, monitoring blood pressure, blood lipids, blood glucose concentration. The middle-aged people should do physical examination once a year, and to monitor the blood pressure, blood lipid, blood glucose, especially in a variety of stimulation factors (such as changes in mood changes, exercise), the body often in a state of stress should be checked in detail. In order to monitor and adjust according to the actual situation.