With the improvement of living standards, changes in diet, "sit, eat less," has become the main public life and working style, casual betwee
With the improvement of living standards, changes in diet, "sit, eat less," has become the main public life and working style, casual between obesity and high blood cholesterol, often quietly, what has caused various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. In order to protect the physical and mental health, so early treatment and prevention, especially recommend the following people should be regularly lipids checked: (1) had coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and peripheral atherosclerosis patients; (2) with hypertension, diabetes, obesity and smoking history; (3) there is a family history of coronary heart disease or atherosclerosis disease people, especially early or early onset of disease in the immediate families of the deceased; (4) with familial hyperlipidemia; (5) 40 years old male, postmenopausal women.
Why should these people should regularly carry out blood lipid analysis?
First of all, we should be aware of the dangers of elevated blood lipids. That is called "medical hyperlipidemia hyperlipidemia, including high cholesterol, high glycerin three greases and combined hyperlipidemia. At present it is generally accepted that hyperlipidemia is one of the main risk factors, atherosclerosis, and lowering blood lipids can progress of atherosclerotic plaque formation has slowed down, and even to subside, thereby reducing cardiovascular disease (such as coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage etc.) the incidence and mortality rate. According to statistics, 1% reduction in total cholesterol levels, can reduce the incidence of myocardial infarction by 2%.
Second, we should know what diseases can lead to hyperlipidemia. Clinically, hyperlipidemia is divided into primary and secondary two classes: primary, is a genetic disorder of lipid metabolism disorders, this rare; the secondary, common in alcoholism, liver disease, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, renal dialysis, kidney transplantation, diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus, biliary obstruction, thiazide diuretics, oral contraceptives and so on. Because of the decline of estrogen level, it is easy to cause the abnormal metabolism of fat in postmenopausal women. The occurrence and development of hyperlipidemia can lead to arteriosclerosis of the organs of the body, and lead to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, renal insufficiency and so on. Therefore, when the discovery of hyperlipidemia, the system should be further examined in order to take the appropriate symptomatic treatment, in order to reduce or eliminate the predisposing factors and risk factors of hyperlipidemia.
Finally, we should master the principles of prevention and treatment of hyperlipidemia. The key to the control or treatment of hyperlipidemia is not the use of drugs, but how to prevent the formation of hyperlipidemia. Once the diagnosis of hyperlipidemia, regardless of whether or not an important organ is compromised, should take measures to reduce fat and active treatment of the original disease. Patients should first improve the diet structure and the life style in a sensible attitude, try to reduce the intake of animal fat, vegetable oil used when cooking, to stop smoking and drinking, diet and do exercise. The above measures for 3 ~ 6 months, if the blood lipid is still not improved, should be under the guidance of the use of cholesterol lowering drugs.