The basic pathology of diabetes as disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, and the human body must be a variety of nutrients necessary for the
The basic pathology of diabetes as disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, and the human body must be a variety of nutrients necessary for their life activity and energy metabolism balance obtained from food, which can affect the blood glucose of patients with carbohydrates. Therefore, reasonable intake of the patient's diet involves not only the nutrient component of the food itself, but also to drug and other clinical techniques to form a complex and effective interaction, in order to ensure the safety and good treatment effect.
According to the actual needs of clinical and comprehensive treatment of diabetes, the diet should comply with the following principles:
1, all kinds of food in the diet should be consistent with or close to the diabetes diet control objectives
Although the clinical treatment methods to reduce blood glucose, such as drugs can improve or control the blood glucose and other clinical indicators, but can not replace the thermal material itself and play a corresponding physiological role. Therefore, although diabetic patients in the implementation of the right diet control target, may cause the relevant indicators of blood glucose elevated or abnormal, but in order to ensure nutrient intake of the patients can meet the needs of human life activities and metabolic balance, still can not change. Otherwise, it is to maintain normal blood glucose, but also can not effectively avoid and prevent diabetes complications.
For example: carbohydrates (sugar) is an important cause of dangerous substances and blood glucose in diabetic patients increased microvascular complications, but patients still need the energy conversion and its metabolites reaches a certain amount, in order to maintain the normal metabolic balance. Otherwise, it will lead to fat and protein replacement capacity and decomposition. The excessive decomposition and combustion of fat and protein, but also lead to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, as well as low immunity and other complications of diabetes complications. Therefore, in the case of the current clinical treatment is becoming more and more complete, patients with diabetes must first intake of nutrients in accordance with their control objectives, followed by blood glucose control. Namely: the clinical application of various hypoglycemic techniques, including a variety of food ingredients that can produce hypoglycemic effects, etc.. Must be based on a reasonable intake of various nutrients or diabetes diet control objectives. In order to effectively prevent and correct the various metabolic disorders caused by diabetes.
However, at present, this problem has been one-sided emphasis on the trend and rendering. As long as the solution to the problem of blood sugar, diabetes has been effectively treated. Some even argue that "diabetes treatment does not need to control diet.". Thus, the correct treatment of diabetes has long been ignored and distorted. Even the development of diabetic food, which should have been concerned about the issue of rational intake of energy in the field of diabetes, but also filled with a lower blood sugar, a concept that originally belongs to the scope of drug function. In contrast, the current incidence of hypoglycemic drugs, the incidence of diabetes and the incidence of complications have been growing rapidly under the premise of unprecedented development and enrichment of hypoglycemic drugs.
According to statistics, as of the end of 2002, the incidence of diabetes in China has increased from an average of 0.609% in 1980 to an average of 3.4%. Its large and medium cities for 6.4%, small and medium cities for the year 3.9%, and is still in the country each year to the extent of the rapid increase of 1 million 500 thousand ~ 2 million. In 2001, the Chinese Medical Association Diabetes Branch organized the provinces and cities in China to analyze the complications of 24496 hospitalized patients with diabetes in china. The results showed that the chronic complications of diabetic patients were quite common. Among them, patients with hypertension, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, eye and kidney complications accounted for 1/3, compared with the previous statistical significant increase. A large study of glycated hemoglobin, which was designed to investigate the average blood glucose level in patients with diabetes over the past 3 months, showed that the rate of blood glucose control in diabetic patients was only about 10% of the total.
Therefore, drugs improve human carbohydrate (sugar) clinical therapy and metabolism, and a variety of food intake must be reasonable heat material diet control methods complement each other, can achieve good clinical effect and effective prevention of diabetes complications. Although the former can improve or control the blood glucose or postprandial blood glucose in patients with diabetes, but without the latter as the basis and premise, still can not get the corresponding curative effect, and even hypoglycemia and other iatrogenic injury.