Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by elevated levels of chronic blood glucose (glucose).Diabetes mellitus is
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by elevated levels of chronic blood glucose (glucose).
Diabetes mellitus is a common and frequently occurring disease, and its prevalence increases rapidly with the improvement of people's living standard, the aging of population and the change of life style.
The etiology and pathogenesis of diabetes has not been fully elucidated, all current medical experts think that diabetes is not a single disease, but the cause of the syndrome complex, is the result of many factors including genetic and environmental factors.
So, if we suffer from diabetes, in addition to taking medication to control blood sugar, how should we pay attention to the usual diet? Let me talk about diet therapy for diabetes.
1, sugar and alcohol should be strictly controlled, such as sugar, brown sugar, candy, sugar, biscuits and bread, cakes, sweets, sweets, rice wine, beer, wine, all.
2, animal fats such as butter, lard to strictly limit, to eat peanut oil, corn oil, soybean oil, rapeseed oil.
3, try to eat or not eat animal organs (brain, liver, intestine, lung, heart and kidney), egg yolk, roe, fried and roast meat.
According to the patient's condition and physical condition, the daily staple food is controlled at 250~400 grams. Eat more vegetables, with some meat, milk and beans and so on, and with the illness and appropriate increase or decrease. For children, pregnant women and lactating mothers, and malnutrition or wasting diseases, such as tuberculosis, liver cirrhosis patients, and the quality of food should be appropriate to improve, obese and overweight patients should be reduced.
Green leafy vegetables and melons can eat, such as cabbage, cabbage, cucumber, cucumber can freely eat. Letinous edodes, onion, pumpkin, bitter gourd, melon, sesame etc. are more beneficial for the disease, can eat. Vegetables, tomatoes, leeks should not eat more.
Generally speaking, the more sweet fruits such as litchi, longan, mango, banana, sugarcane, banana, persimmon, papaya fruit should not eat apples, pears, oranges, pineapple, orange etc. can eat in moderation.