Abstract: the diagnosis of valvular heart disease is relatively easy, in most of the patients can hear auscultation heart murmur, according
Abstract: the diagnosis of valvular heart disease is relatively easy, in most of the patients can hear auscultation heart murmur, according to the location and nature of the noise can be inferred which is a valve problem.
How to treat heart valve disease?
The diagnosis of valvular heart disease is relatively easy, in most of the patients can hear auscultation heart murmur, according to the location and nature of the noise can be inferred which is a valve problem. Clinical color Doppler ultrasound is the most important means of diagnosis of valvular heart disease, with a diagnostic significance.
Timely treatment of valvular heart disease is the key to ensure a good prognosis and avoid serious complications, first of all, most heart disease does not require treatment, such as less amount of valvular regurgitation, the patient can lifelong no symptoms did not affect the life and life of the patients. Some patients begin to become larger, some clinical symptoms, should take some drugs to relieve symptoms, including diuretics, digoxin, vasodilators, receptor blockers, etc..
When the patient develops to a certain extent, surgical treatment timely is very important, the surgery can quickly make patients to alleviate the symptoms, improve the quality of life, and be careful before function without serious impairment, surgery is very safe measures. Therefore, surgical treatment should be considered in the following situations:
1, oral medication, the symptoms did not improve significantly.
2. The risk of cerebral embolism in patients with mitral stenosis and atrial fibrillation is higher.
3, the heart cavity becomes larger, the heart began to deteriorate.
4, patients with endocarditis in the acute phase or when the effect of drug treatment is not good.
Surgical procedures for valvular heart disease:
Surgical method for valvular heart disease including valvuloplasty and valve replacement surgery, angioplasty of valve repair for mitral valve regurgitation and tricuspid valve lesions in most of the three patients, a few aortic valve disease patients may also underwent angioplasty.
Valve replacement is a prosthetic valve replacement of the valve, commonly used artificial valve mechanical valve and bioprosthetic valve. Mechanical valve can be used for life, but the need for long-term use of anticoagulant drugs to prevent thrombosis, suitable for young patients. Bioprosthetic heart valve is made of bovine pericardium or porcine valve, and it is not suitable for patients over 60 years of age without taking anticoagulant drugs after replacement.