Prevention and treatment of valvular heart disease

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Abstract: Patients with valvular heart disease should maintain good habits: keep living the law, good rest, daily lunch 1 hours or so, if yo

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Abstract: Patients with valvular heart disease should maintain good habits: keep living the law, good rest, daily lunch 1 hours or so, if you feel difficulty breathing when lying down, can take the head foot low.

Patients with valvular heart disease should maintain good habits

Maintain a good living law, proper rest, daily lunch 1 hours or so, if you feel difficulty breathing when lying down, can take the head foot low;

Strike a proper balance between work and rest

Do not be forced to work hard to avoid emotional stress, mental stress is too large, such as tension, deep breathing 6 times;

Proper exercise

Under the guidance of a doctor to appropriate activities to not feel tired, the maximum heart rate of not more than 120 minutes per minute;

Keep ventilation

To maintain a relatively constant indoor temperature, indoor ventilation at least two times a day, every half an hour;

Prevention of respiratory infection;

Weight control;

Examine a man's language and observe his countenance

Usually to observe the changes of pulse, blood pressure, urine volume, body weight, complexion, ankle swelling observed before sleep, sleep at night if there is a sense of arousal;

Timely medical treatment

If there is palpitation, cough, dyspnea, difficult to supine, edema, nausea and vomiting, decreased urine output, one day gain weight more than 1000 grams, indicating the severity of HF, should immediately go to the hospital.

Dinner should eat less;

Control of salt intake

The general amount of salt 5 g / day, moderate heart failure 3-2.5 grams per day, or a day not more than 1 grams. Poor appetite, eating less, the use of strong diuretic, should not be too much salt, and the appropriate increase in vinegar, pepper, onions, ginger and other spices;

Dainty

Reduce excitant food, tea, coffee or other hot pepper disable. Eat more fresh vegetables (especially to eat melon and fruit, as appropriate) soy products, eat low fat, high protein food, eat vitamin rich food, reducing the intake of animal fat and sugar;

Control drinking

Limit the intake of water, drink water every day not more than 1000 ml, too much water is easy to lead to breathing difficulties and ankle swelling, eat foods containing hidden water (if frozen, ice and grapes, watermelon, etc.);

No smoking

Key words: heart valve disease, heart valve disease

 

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