Surgical treatment of valvular heart disease

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Abstract: at present, the main treatment of heart valve disease is surgical treatment. Surgical treatment consists of two major types of bal

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Abstract: at present, the main treatment of heart valve disease is surgical treatment. Surgical treatment consists of two major types of balloon dilatation and surgical procedures.

What are the methods of treating heart valve disease? How to treat heart valve disease?

At present, the main treatment for valvular heart disease is surgical treatment. Surgical treatment consists of two major types of balloon dilatation and surgical procedures. Let's get a rough idea.

In the treatment of valvular heart disease, balloon dilatation is a means of interventional therapy. The utility model is characterized in that a catheter with an air bag is sent to a narrow valve port through a blood vessel, and the air bag is filled with the air valve. The advantage of this method is to export expansion valve without surgery, but it is blindness, it applies only to pure valvular stenosis or valvular injury is not serious, no intra atrial thrombosis patients.

In the surgical treatment of valvular heart disease, valve repair is to repair the damaged valve, so that it can completely restore the role of the switch, the difficulty is relatively large, but a lot of benefits for patients. First of all, to repair the valve under the direct vision, can achieve the best repair effect; secondly, avoid the problem of lifelong anticoagulation after valve replacement. This method is mainly applied to the stenosis or insufficiency of the valve itself, such as the rupture of the mitral chordae, the enlargement of the valve ring, the valve and so on.

Valve replacement is the only option for the treatment of valvular heart disease in patients with severe valvular injury and not being able to undergo valvuloplasty. It will remove the original valve, replace the biological valve or mechanical valve.

The current commonly used biological valve mainly derived from porcine aortic valve, valve and valve body with bovine pericardium. In general, the replacement of biological valve after surgery without anticoagulation, to avoid the possible cause of bleeding due to improper anticoagulation or thrombosis. But it also has shortcomings, mainly the short service life, generally only 8 - 10 years, more than the time after the biological valve will be degraded, damaged, causing a narrow or closed again. The same kind of valve is used for a long time, but because of the difficulty of the source, it is only suitable for the simple aortic valve disease. The mechanical valve is a kind of artificial metal valve. However, because it belongs to the human body into the body, the blood coagulation in the composition of the formation of blood clots easily, so in order to prevent thrombosis, postoperative long-term adherence to the use of anticoagulant drugs.

The above is the treatment of heart valve disease on, of course, a heart valve disease in which a good method for treatment of valvular heart disease, the specific circumstances must please experienced doctors according to the patient to decide.

 

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