Allergic rhinitis, also known as allergic rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, is one of the most common diseases in Department of ENT. According to
Allergic rhinitis, also known as allergic rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, is one of the most common diseases in Department of ENT. According to data released by WHO this year, about 500 million people worldwide suffer from the disease. In 2007, our country published epidemiological survey data of 11 central cities in China, the prevalence rate was 9%-24.6%, with an average of 11.2%. Guangzhou, Beijing and Wuhan, the incidence of children between 4%-10%. Allergic rhinitis is allergic to the body after exposure to allergens sensitization, resulting in a series of immune reactions, leading to nasal mucosa edema, while the nasal mucosa is a chronic inflammatory state of the disease. Relating to genes, usually caused by heredity. Allergic rhinitis patients have a family history of allergies, but in recent years due to the acceleration of the process of industrialization, increased air pollution, so that some of the original non allergic constitution also evolved into allergic constitution.
What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis?
Allergic rhinitis is divided into perennial and seasonal two categories, the former year basically have varying severity of symptoms: the latter is also known as hay fever, a year fixed seasonal (spring or summer and Autumn), were called spring pollinosis (mainly caused by tree pollen and pollen) in summer and autumn (mainly caused by grass pollen and fern). Allergic rhinitis has 4 typical symptoms, such as nasal itching, sneezing, runny nose and nasal congestion. The lighter itchy nose nasal creepss, weight is unbearable, required from time to time to rub the nose, and continuous sneezing, often several or dozens, accompanied by a large number of rhinorrhea, serious day runny nose, nasal congestion can be intermittent or persistent, unilateral or bilateral. Some patients have a sense of loss or loss of smell. Pediatric patients may not be so detailed that it requires careful observation of symptoms, parents, teachers or doctors, rhinocnesmus children often from time to time as "face", due to nasal obstruction often involuntary hand to push the nose to improve nasal congestion, nasal dorsum skin for a long time to see a band because; nasal obstruction and long-term mouth breathing, may be "dementia" like face; and nasal obstruction can cause facial venous obstruction, bilateral lower eyelid skin pigmentation, the formation of dark circles. The disease can also be accompanied by a general malaise, such as fatigue, heavy head, etc..
How does irritability rhinitis differentiate with cold?
In the end is a cold or allergic rhinitis, can be judged from the following four aspects:
First, the number of sneezing. In general, although the cold will sneeze, but the number is not much, but will not play dozens or even dozens, and one of the symptoms of allergic rhinitis is continuous sneezing.
Two, nasal itching. Cold, the nose is not very itchy, nasal congestion is more common. But if you have allergic rhinitis, the patient's nose and throat itching, and even the eyes, cheeks, itching.
Three, runny nose. The initial stage of the cold will be runny nose, but the amount is not much. Allergic rhinitis is just the opposite, the patient in sneezing, but also a lot of runny nose.
Four, other discomfort. Cold is due to decreased immunity, viral or bacterial infection caused by respiratory tract infection. Therefore, in the cold, but also a number of systemic symptoms, such as dizziness, headache, general weakness, muscle soreness, etc.. And the symptoms of allergic rhinitis will not occur when the above symptoms.
The harm of irritability rhinitis?
Allergic rhinitis does not kill the patient, but can significantly affect the quality of life of patients, such as the impact of sleep, resulting in reduced efficiency; affecting the students' memory, social activities and entertainment bring trouble and inconvenience. People often make nasal symptoms in patients with irritable mood, even can cause mental disorder. Some complications may occur, such as delayed treatment or improper treatment. According to statistics about l/ 3 of allergic rhinitis patients with asthma, asthma patients with allergic rhinitis more, accounting for about 3 / 4, it is clear that they are closely related. Allergic rhinitis often occurs before asthma, so allergic rhinitis is a risk factor for asthma. In addition to the combination of asthma can also be complicated with sinusitis, secretory otitis media, allergic pharyngitis, nasal polyps, olfactory disorders, etc..
How to get irritability rhinitis to treat?
1, to avoid contact with allergies have been clear allergens, should try to avoid contact with. Patients with hay fever should be kept out of the pollen season. On fungi, house dust allergy should be dry indoor ventilation, etc.. The animal dander, feather allergies should avoid contact with animal and birds etc..
2, drug treatment including intranasal drug ephedrine, nasal spray Flixonase drugs such as oral drugs such as loratadine, etc..
3, specific immunotherapy is mainly to clear the allergens such as pollen, dust mite allergens in patients with curative effect is good, it has been found that sublingual allergen vaccine delivery route has reliable curative effect and the safety is high.
4, other therapies following turbinate submucosal resection, radiofrequency, laser and so on, need strict indications
Can irritability rhinitis cure?
This problem is the majority of patients are very concerned about the problem, to answer this question must first clear: allergic rhinitis depends on the patient's allergic constitution and the presence of allergens in the environment, the two are indispensable. Allergies and genetic correlation, the current level of medicine can not change the allergic constitution for allergic constitution, allergic rhinitis is difficult to cure from this point. But by avoiding exposure to allergens (due to allergens, and more covert, not all that, it is difficult to completely avoid), correct rules, medication and necessary desensitization treatment can achieve good control of symptoms, no disease, from this point of allergic rhinitis is a good treatment effect. To do this requires the cooperation of patients and physicians, in particular, to adhere to a longer period of time, and according to the doctor's instructions to increase or decrease the dosage of drugs or replacement of therapeutic drugs. Special advice to the majority of patients is, do not believe that "big banners" and "small ads". In recent years, some of the treatment of allergic rhinitis "slogan" and "small ads" continuously appear around us, they are eager to get rid of the pain of the patients with psychological, they earn money to achieve. Need to emphasize is; regardless of the drugs, including western medicine or Chinese medicine, at present can not cure rhinitis; to evaluate the treatment effect should be objective, should result in clinical symptoms and laboratory examination in two aspects as the basis to alleviate symptoms ranging from Yu Zhiyu the moment, can not be said to be more radical.
Of course, change the allergy is not dream, both at home and abroad is to conduct research in this area, with the scientific research progress, believe in the future of gene therapy for clinical use, it can be changed to a non allergic allergic constitution, then even if the contact, inhalation or ingestion related allergens will not produce symptoms.